How to Create a GTA Text Effect Action in Adobe Photoshop

What You’ll Be CreatingIn this tutorial you will learn how to create an amazing text effect inspired by the Grand Theft Auto video game. I will explain everything in so much detail that everyone can create it, even those who have just opened Photoshop …

View Tutorial: How to Create a GTA Text Effect Action in Adobe Photoshop

How to Draw a Fox Step by Step

Final product image
What You’ll Be Creating

In this tutorial I will show you how to draw a realistic fox step by step, without any reference. You’ll learn how to sketch the pose to avoid proportion mistakes, how to add proper anatomy, and how to make it look real with details. You can also use this workflow to learn how to draw other similar animals.

This is a tutorial for beginners with a single, simple pose. If you want to learn more about foxes, their species and their anatomy, try this tutorial instead:

1. How to Prepare the Basic Sketch

Step 1

How often have you noticed that your drawing went wrong only when you were finishing it? To avoid such a situation, it’s good to start with a very general sketch first, and add the details to it later. The general sketch is easy to fix and quick to draw, so you don’t waste so much time on it if something goes wrong.

Start with a rectangle for an elongated fox body.

draw rectangle for fox body

Step 2

Measure the distance to the ground. Foxes are long-legged, so make it one body width long + some space for the paws.

fox body height drawing

Step 3

Sketch a very general rhythm of the legs on both ends of the rectangle.

simple fox legs drawing

Step 4

Add a thick neck. It should be slightly shorter than half of the body.

fox neck length drawing

Step 5

Attach the head to the neck.

simple fox head drawing

Step 6

Draw the long, tapered muzzle in front of the head.

fox muzzle drawing

Step 7

Sketch a bushy tail on the back.

fox bushy tail drawing

2. How to Sketch the Legs of a Fox

Step 1

Take a good look at your basic body plan now and try to see if anything’s off. Fix it, if necessary.

Add a “6” in the shoulder area. It’s a very easy way to create a form of the shoulder for many animals.

fox shoulder drawing

Step 2

Draw a line across the back side of the rectangle. This is a symbolic femur (the thigh bone).

fox thigh length drawing

Step 3

Add a perpendicular line to it. Its length will create the width of the thigh.

fox thigh width drawing

Step 4

Outline the thigh using these two guide lines. Don’t worry if the thigh looks too fat—it should be fluffy!

fox thigh shape drawing

Step 5

Add some details to both the shoulder blade and the hips.

fox shoulder blade hip drawing

Step 6

Time for the lower parts of the limbs. Sketch the length of the paws.

fox paws length drawing

Step 7

Add the wrist and the heel.

fox wrist heel drawing

Step 8

Draw the forms of the wrist and the ankle.

fox wrist ankle shape drawing

Step 9

Outline the paws.

fox paws shape drawing

Step 10

Connect the paws to the wrist and ankle.

fox hands feet drawing

Step 11

The forearm and the calf both need some muscle masses. Add them in the form of an oval along the “bone” lines.

fox limb muscle masses drawing

Step 12

Add more details to each leg: the elbow, the knee, and the bony landmarks of the ankle.

fox body landmarks drawing

Step 13

Gently outline the forms to create the whole form of the limb.

fox legs outline drawing

Step 14

Let’s make the paws complete, too. Add the other visible toe.

fox toes drawing

Step 15

Draw the tips of the toes.

fox toe tips drawing

Step 16

Add short, blunt claws.

fox claws drawing

3. How to Draw the Head of a Fox

Step 1

The head is a very important step, because we pay more attention to the proportions of the face than to the other parts of the body. Even if you sketched the body nicely, a tiny mistake in the face may destroy the whole impact of the drawing. So be very careful here!

Draw a high forehead for the fox, smoothing the step between the head and the muzzle.

fox high forehead drawing

Step 2

Draw a curve across the face—this will help us find the location of the eyes and define the sides of the face.

fox eye line drawing

Step 3

Draw an oval in the front of the head. This will be a symbolic eye socket. By drawing the eye socket first, you get a nice reference point to properly place the actual eye (thus solving the biggest problem in drawing a face!).

fox how to draw eyes properly

Step 4

Draw the round eye in the middle of the eye socket (or somewhere near, if you’ve noticed the eye socket has been placed wrong).

fox eye drawing

Step 5

Draw the nose bridge along the muzzle.

fox nose bridge drawing

Step 6

Draw the nose at the tip of the muzzle.

fox nose drawing

Step 7

Lead a line from the forehead to the chin.

fox muzzle shape drawing

Step 8

Draw an oval here.

fox muzzle mouth drawing

Step 9

Draw the lips along these guide lines.

fox lips drawing

Step 10

Draw a line across the head, halfway up the forehead.

fox how to draw ears

Step 11

Sketch the height of the ear. Foxes have them very big!

fox ear height drawing

Step 12

Draw the outline of the ear with gentle curves.

fox ear shape drawing
how to draw fox ear

Step 13

Draw the base of the ear.

fox ear details drawing

Step 14

Draw the cheek-mane on the side of the head.

fox cheek mane drawing

4. How to Draw the Body of a Fox

Step 1

Draw the lower side of the fluffy neck, creating a step between it and the head.

fox neck drawing

Step 2

Draw the rest of the “mane” on the neck.

fox neck mane drawing

Step 3

Draw the line of the belly.

fox belly drawing

Step 4

Draw the line of the back, curving towards the hips.

fox vack drawing

Step 5

Add some furry landmarks.

fox shoudler cape drawing
fox rib cape drawing
fox breast drawing
fox tail cover drawing

Step 6

If you want to make the drawing more interesting, you can add the second pair of legs.

fox second pair if legs drawing

5. How to Finish the Drawing of a Fox

Step 1

The sketch is finished, and now it’s time to add the final lines. If you have been drawing with a pencil, you can now take a darker tool (like an ink liner) to make the final lines more striking. If your sketch is too dark for this, you can put another sheet of paper over it and draw the final lines on it.

Create the final shape of the eye by adding the eyelids.

draw fox eyelids

Step 2

Add the pupil and the eye corner.

draw fox pupil

Step 3

Outline the nose.

draw fox nose

Step 4

Outline the general shape of the head and the lips.

draw fox face

Step 5

Add the whisker holes.

draw fox whisker holes

Step 6

Add special features over the eye to make it more expressive.

draw fox facial expression

Step 7

Add the details to the ear. It should be very fluffy!

draw detailed fox ear

Step 8

Draw the cheek mane and the outline of the bone under the skin (along the nose bridge and on the cheek bone).

draw fur on fox face

Step 9

Add more details to make the face really fox-like: the marking between the eye and the mouth, the whiskers, dark nose, and dark ear.

draw fox face markings

Step 10

Outline the paws.

draw fox paws

Step 11

Outline the legs, paying attention to their anatomy.

draw fox front legs
draw fox hind legs

Step 12

Cover the whole body with fur. Whatever method you use to draw it, remember to keep the style consistent over the whole body.

draw fox fur

Step 13

Finally, you can add some basic “coloring” and shading.

shade fox simple way

Beautiful!

That’s a beautiful fox! If you want to try other fox-related tutorials, check out this list:

You can also try other tutorials about drawing animals in a simple way:

how to draw fox step by step
View Tutorial: How to Draw a Fox Step by Step

How to Create a Hand-Lettered Housewarming Poster in Adobe Photoshop

Final product image
What You’ll Be Creating

In this tutorial, we’ll be creating a hand-drawn lettering poster that will make our home cozy and add a warmer atmosphere to any interior. We’ll be using various drawing tools and functions of Adobe Photoshop to create fancy letters from scratch and digitize our handwriting, transferring it from paper into Photoshop and editing it to make it fit our poster. 

By the end of this tutorial, you’ll have learned some tips and tricks that will inspire you to create more lettering illustrations, such as these lettering posters. And if you wonder how your poster would look when it’s printed and placed in a frame, you can try out some of these poster frame mock-ups to see how it would look in real life!

Let’s get started!

1. How to Create Lettering With the Pen Tool

Step 1

Everything starts from scratch. First of all, we need to have an idea of what we are going to create. As we’re planning to create a housewarming poster, I’ve decided to choose a nice quote for a cozy atmosphere. I’ve made a couple of rough thumbnail sketches, writing out “Home is where your heart is” and emphasizing the word “home”. 

On the first sketch, I’m trying to insert the quote inside a house shape, but in this case, I think the image looks somewhat cramped and busy with the unneeded details, while the main part of the composition—the lettering itself—is too monotonous. Apart from that, it doesn’t interact with the word “heart”, which is another important and meaningful element of the whole phrase, balancing with the word “home”. 

Thinking this way, I make another rough sketch (even rougher than the first one, as you may notice), where I clearly emphasize both words. I also add a touch of symbolism, depicting a stylized roof on top of the word “home” and placing the word “heart” into a heart shape. Now everything looks more balanced and meaningful. Let’s make a poster from the second sketch!

thumbnail sketches

If you want to use the same sketch as a reference image, you can right mouse click on the screenshot below and Save it to your computer.

home lettering sketch

Step 2

Let’s create a 3000 x 3000 px, 300 ppi New Document and place your sketch there. 

Use the Eyedropper Tool (I) to pick the dark-blue color from the sketch and apply it to the Background Layer using the Paint Bucket Tool (G). 

Lower the Opacity of the Sketch to 25%, making it semi-transparent if it distracts you too much.

place sketch into photoshop

Step 3

Now let’s take the Pen Tool (P) and start outlining the letters of the word “home”. Use the polyline to draw out the left stem of the letter “H”. Close the path and move on to the right stem, making it thinner.

use the pen tool to trace the letter

Feeling shaky and unconfident with the Pen Tool? Don’t worry, you just need a bit more practice! This tool is actually not so scary and difficult to use as it might seem! Check out these easy-to-follow instructions about the Pen Tool and see for yourself!

Step 4

Make a rectangular shape for the crossbar and let’s unite all the elements of our letter! Select them all with the Direct Selection Tool (A) and head to the Path Operations menu in the control panel on top. From here, let’s select Combine Shapes and apply it by pressing Merge Shape Components in the bottom of the menu. There we have it! Now all the parts of the letter are merged!

 Combine Shapes in Path Operations

Step 5

Let’s move on and trace the letter “O”. It will consist of several elements, so let’s start with its main part. Try to make the line smooth and curved by dragging the anchor handles every time you make a point. Make an oval and then another one for the counter of the “O”. 

Select both ovals with the Direct Selection Tool (A) and this time let’s Exclude Overlapping Shapes in the Path Operations menu. Click Merge Shape Components to cut out the inner circle.

Exclude Overlapping Shapes in the Path Operations menu

Step 6

We can fill our letter with some color to see if the Path Operations work. Let’s open the Paths panel (Window > Path) and click Fill path with foreground color in the bottom of the panel, applying the Foreground Color which is currently set to white in our Color panel.

Fill path with foreground color in the Paths panel

Step 7

Let’s Undo (Control-Alt-Z) our previous action to remove the fill and continue designing the letter.

Use the Pen Tool (P) to shape the swash of the letter “O”, using the sketch as a base and tracing above it. Start from the top left part of the letter “O” and gradually move to the right, making a banana-shaped curve.

add a swash to the letter

Step 8

Remember that you can change the direction of the path without releasing the mouse key (or the pen of your graphic tablet) and without switching between the tools. Simply click and drag to make the handles of the anchor point visible. Then, holding down the mouse key, click Alt, rotate and move the handle up. Close the path, connecting it with the very first anchor point of the swash.

We can always use the Direct Selection Tool (A) to move the anchor points, making the lines look smooth.

add a swash to the letter 2

Step 9

Let’s select both elements of the “O” and use the Combine Shapes and Merge Shape Components functions to unite the shapes.

use the Combine Shapes and Merge Shape Components functions

Step 10

Let’s move on and use the Pen Tool (P) to draw out the letter “M” with the polyline.

use the Pen Tool to draw out the letter M

Step 11

Continue to the letter “E”‘; this one will be a bit more complex than the previous letters. Start making an elliptical shape with the Pen Tool (P) similar as we did with the letter “O”. Use straight lines to form the finial of the letter, and then continue forming a curved path for the inner part of the “E”.

Continue to the letter E

Step 12

Gradually move up. Hold down Alt to change the direction of the anchor handle to make a corner at the crossbar of the letter “E”. Finish off its silhouette, closing the path.

change the direction of the anchor handle to make a crossbar

Step 13

Add a drop-like shape for the inner part (the counter) of the letter. Now we can select both elements and apply Exclude Overlapping Shapes (don’t forget to Merge Shape Components after selecting the desired function in the Path Operations).

We can check our letter in the Paths panel by filling it with white color.

Add a drop-like shape for counter of the letter

Step 14

Now let’s add a swash to the opposite side of the crossbar, using the Pen Tool (P) to form a curved shape.

add a swash to the opposite side of the crossbar

Step 15

Select both parts and Combine Shapes in the Path Operations, clicking Merge Shape Components to apply the effect.

Combine Shapes in the Path Operations

Step 16

Great! All the letters of the word “home” are ready. Let’s take a look at them and use the Paths panel to fill the letters with white color.

Now let’s make the letters look more interesting and diverse by applying some effects to the fill.

use the Paths panel to fill the letters

2. How to Add Shadows and Gradients

Step 1

Let’s add some volume to our letters using a gradient fill. Take the Gradient Tool (G) (you can find it in the same drop-down menu as the Paint Bucket Tool).

First of all, head to the Layers panel and Lock transparent pixels of our “home” layer so that everything we do is applied only to our letters, without affecting the area around them.

Go to the Color panel and set blue for the foreground color and white for the background color.

Then grab the Gradient Tool (G) and drag from bottom to the top of the word “home”, applying a vertical linear gradient from blue to white. You can check the gradient settings in the control panel on top, selecting the desired type of gradient.

apply linear gradient

Step 2

Let’s create a shadow cast on the background by the letters to make the word “home” stand out a bit more. Create a New Layer right under the “home” layer. Now, keeping the new layer selected, hold down the Control key and click the “home” layer. This way we create a “marching ants” selection around the letters. 

Set the foreground color to dark blue in the Color panel, take the Paint Bucket Tool (G) and click to fill, creating a dark-blue copy of the word “home” on a new layer. Now we can move the bottom layer a few pixels down and to the right, making the dark-blue shadow visible.

create a shadow from selection

Step 3

Now let’s see how we can add gentle shadows to the letters, making them more three-dimensional. We’ll be using the Pen Tool (P) or the Freeform Pen Tool to create the shape. Let’s Zoom In (Control-+) on the letter “E” and draw a path connecting its swash with its crossbar, as shown in the screenshot below. 

Continue building the path, making a rectangular shape. It doesn’t have to be perfect—just make sure that it is wider than the letter.

use the Pen Tool to connect the swash with the crossbar

Step 4

Select the “home” layer in the Layers panel, hold down Alt, and click the Create New Layer button. In the pop-up New Layer window, tick the Use Previous Layer to Create Clipping Mask box to create a linked layer. You will see a small arrow next to our new layer, indicating that anything we draw on it will appear only inside the boundaries of the objects on the main layer.

Let’s see how it works. Right mouse click and Make Selection. Use the Gradient Tool to apply a diagonal linear gradient from blue to white.

Make Selection and apply gradient

Step 5

Switch the Blending Mode of the linked layer to Multiply, making the white part of the gradient transparent. This way we’ve created a gentle shadow, separating the crossbar (and its swash) from the body of the letter “E”.

Add a similar shadow on top of the crossbar, this time changing the direction of the gradient to the opposite.

Switch the Blending Mode to Multiply

Step 6

Use the same technique to add a shadow to the letter “O”, separating its curled swash from the bowl of the letter.

Now the whole word looks three-dimensional and finished! Let’s move on to the next element of the composition! 

add the shadow to the letter O

3. How to Add Custom Shapes and Digitise Your Lettering

Step 1

What we’re going to do next is to add a heart shape. Luckily, we don’t need to draw it manually, as we can take the Custom Shape Tool, pick a heart from the list of Shapes in the control panel on top, and create a heart of the desired size, using our sketch as a reference. 

create a heart with custom shape tool

Step 2

Take the Direct Selection Tool (A) and move the anchor handles, making the heart more bulging and rounded at the bottom. If you can’t see the handles, use the Convert Point Tool to click and drag the handles out of the anchor point.

We can switch between Fill and Stroke color (or apply both, or set both to none) from the control panel on top, selecting the desired color from the drop-down panel. 

I’m setting the Fill color to None for now as I need to see the letters of my sketch inside the heart.

reshape the heart

Step 3

Let’s move on to the word “heart”. For such script-style hand-drawn lettering, I actually prefer to use a real brush pen and paper. If you’ve always wanted to try hand-lettering, this is a good starting point. One of the best brush pens to start with is Tombow Fudenosuke, or it can be any other brush pen of your choice. 

You can also do it just with a usual gel pen or even a pencil, creating a so-called “fake calligraphy”, drawing those thicker downstrokes manually and filling them with color. In our case, it doesn’t matter how you reach this hand-lettered effect as long as it looks good, as we’re going to tweak it in Photoshop anyway.

So I just draw out my letters on a piece of paper, positioning the letters in such a way that the composition resembles the shape of a heart. We can tweak the position of each letter later on if it doesn’t fit our heart, so don’t worry about it, but still try to make it look close to those letters we have in our reference sketch.

Scan your lettering (or make a photo) and drag it into Photoshop. Go to Image > Adjustments > Levels (Control-L) and from here we need to increase the overall contrast and brightness of our lettering layer to make the dark letters really black and the background color white, making the paper texture disappear. 

To do this, drag the black slider to the right and the opposite (white) slider to the left, placing them closer to the middle slider. You will see the difference while adjusting the position of both sliders, making the image look sharp and clean.

digitise your lettering and use Levels

Step 4

Once you’re satisfied with your contrast lettering, go to Select > Color Range to open the options window. From here, you’ll have the Eyedropper Tool selected by default. Use it to hover over the word “heart” and click any of the black letters. Leave the Fuzziness slider at 40% or adjust the value if you feel that not all the black area is visible in the preview. Click OK once you’re ready and you’ll see a “marching ants” selection around the letters. Copy (Control-C) the letters.

use Select  Color Range to select black letters

Step 5

Now we can Paste (Control-V) the “heart” word into our poster and press Control-T for Free Transform to resize and rotate the layer, making it fit the heart shape. 

If some of the letters don’t fit the heart shape, use the Lasso Tool (L) to select the letter (just draw around it), and then hit Control-T again and rotate/resize the selected letter individually. 

Let’s make our letters visible and bright. Select the “heart” layer and go to Image > Adjustment > Invert, changing the color of the letters from black to white.

Paste and Invert the layer

Step 6

Let’s add some smaller details around the letters. Take the Brush Tool (B) and either open the Brush panel (Window > Brush) or press the right mouse button to open the list of brushes and select a Hard Round Brush

If you don’t see any of these on your list, open a drop-down menu by clicking the small cog icon in the top right corner and find Round Brushes with Size on the list. Click it and either replace or Append it to your brushes list. 

open the brush panel or list of brushes

Step 7

You can find the brush settings in the control panel on top. I keep both Opacity and Flow at 100%, making the lines sharp and thick. I’m drawing dots and strokes around the letter “H”, using the graphic tablet. 

add minor details

Step 8

Go on adding strokes and dots around each letter. Once you’ve finished and are happy with the result, select the heart shape layer, click the Custom Shape Tool to make the Shape menu in the control panel on top active, and set the Fill color to red, filling the inner part of the heart.

fill the heart with red color

Step 9

Let’s give our “heart” lettering more of a golden or metallic look by applying a simple linear gradient from yellow to white. This way it looks more three-dimensional.

apply gradient to the lettering

Step 10

Next, we’re going to draw the word “is”, which is used twice in our quote. So you can actually write it twice to make every element look unique and hand-written, or go on and just duplicate the one you make. 

I’m using the same Hard Round Brush and my graphic tablet here to draw the small letter “i”, using the sketch as a reference. As you can see, I draw the top and bottom horizontal lines in the first place, and then I add two vertical lines for the edges of the letter, defining its thickness. And finally, I just fill the inner part of the letter with light-blue, almost white, color.

Then I use exactly the same technique for the letter “s”: I draw out its silhouette and then I fill its inner part with color.

write with hard round brush

Step 11

Here we can see how our poster looks so far. I’ve used the copy of the “is” layer (Control-J) to add it right under the heart.

use the copy of the is layer

Step 12

Now we can move on to the next element of our composition and add the “where your” words right above the heart shape. 

You can experiment with the Hard Round Brushes or Calligraphic Brushes of Adobe Photoshop to achieve a hand-written effect if you have a firm hand and a graphic tablet. Or you can follow the same technique as we used for the word “heart”. 

So let’s write out the phrase “where your” on paper using the brush pen, and then scan it and bring it into Photoshop to make it clean and contrasting using Levels (Control-L). Next, use Select > Color Range to select the black letters, Copy (Control-C) them and Paste (Control-V) right into the poster. Use Free Transform (Control-T) to rotate and resize the words, making them fit the top part of the heart shape. 

Don’t forget to Image > Adjustment > Invert the layer to make the letters white.

As you can see from the screenshot below, I’ve also started adding red dots and strokes along the left edge of the heart in the same way as we did for the word “heart”. It gives an intricate and playful look to the overall design of our poster, so let’s stick to it, adding more ornamental details of this kind.

scan and digitize your hand-lettering

Step 13

Continue adding those minor decorative details around the heart, using the Hard Round Brush with 100% Opacity and Flow.

ad minor decorative details around the heart

Step 14

As soon as we’ve finished with the heart, let’s move to the top of our poster and draw a stylized roof of our house in the same ornamental style. Make a New Layer, set the foreground color to light blue, and vary the size of the brush, making the triangular base of the roof a bit thicker than those dots and strokes around it. 

I’m adding a swirled element by the right side of the roof, depicting a very simplified, almost abstract, smoke from the fireplace chimney. 

Next, I’m adding some strokes beneath the word “home”, bending them in the opposite direction to balance the roof.

draw a stylized roof of our house

Step 15

Let’s move on and create a New Layer for another set of decorative elements. Here I’m making the foreground color much, much darker and adding swirls, strokes, and dots around the letters of the word “home”. You can Image > Adjustment > Invert the layer if the strokes are too dark to work with and then Invert back when you’ve finished with the whole word.

create another set of decorative elements

Step 16

Our dark ornaments here are finished! Let’s continue!

dark ornaments are finished

Step 17

We’ll be adding some more swirls and strokes around the heart. Start by filling the left side of the image and then move to the opposite side, creating similar ornaments to make the composition look balanced. 

Finish up by adding light-blue horizontal strokes on both sides of the word “is” at the very bottom of the poster.

Finish up by adding light-blue horizontal strokes

Home Sweet Home! Our Housewarming Poster Is Ready!

Great job, folks! I hope this tutorial will inspire you to create more hand-lettered playful posters for your cozy interior or for print. Feel free to use all the tips and tricks described in this article, and don’t forget to share your result.

Happy designing!

Our Housewarming Poster is Ready
View Tutorial: How to Create a Hand-Lettered Housewarming Poster in Adobe Photoshop

How to Draw a House Step by Step

Final product image
What You’ll Be Creating

Drawing freely from imagination is cool, but not everything can be drawn using free, intuitive movement of the hand. Man-made objects, like vehicles and buildings, are created according to certain rules, and these rules bind our freedom. You can’t draw a building by guessing the lines—you must follow the rules, and these rules are defined by perspective.

In this tutorial I will how you how to draw a house step by step in the two-point perspective. I’ll do my best to explain the whole process to you rather than just tell you what to do.

What You Will Need

You can use any photo of a house you want, for example your own. We will not copy the reference, but we need some kind of a base to know what we’re trying to draw. So its perspective doesn’t need to be perfect—we’ll create our own view!

You can draw using any tool, but it’s best to use some drawing software for this—perspective doesn’t require fine manual skills, so you can successfully use a mouse for this. If you prefer to draw traditionally, make sure you use a much bigger sheet of paper than the intended size of the drawing. And don’t forget to use a long ruler!

1. How to Start a Drawing in Perspective

Step 1

Start with the horizon line. When something’s above it, you look up on it. When something’s below it, you look down on it.

horizon line
The horizon line should be much longer than your intended drawing if you want to avoid extreme distortion

Step 2

We want two sides of the building visible: the right side and the front. They share a common dimension: their height. In 2-point perspective, height is generally the dimension that stays perfectly vertical, so we don’t need to draw any vanishing points for it.

house edge

However, it’s also important where we place that height. The center of the horizon line is also the center of the vision. If you place that edge line there, both sides will be equally visible. If you place it more to the left, the front will be more visible at the cost of the side. And that’s what we want!

preparataion for perspective drawing
horizon line and length
The shorter the height in relation to the horizon line, the less extreme the distortion.

Step 3

Perspective turns parallel lines into convergent lines. Where do they converge? Well, it depends on you. The more of the side you want to see, the farther the vanishing point should be.

how to make perspective less distorted

Step 4

Draw the other edge of the front between both lines. Imagine how long the front would be without perspective, and then make it shorter according to the angle between the left edge and the ground—90 degrees would give the full length, and the smaller the angle, the shorter it must be.

house front edges
perspective front view
how to shortne in perspective
Thanks to a far placed vanishing point and the relative height of the front, our angle is wide enough to allow for almost a full length

Step 5

You can now connect both edges to create a full surface of the front wall. Keep in mind these two lines are parallel in reality! Everything parallel to them will go towards that vanishing point.

perspective parallel lines
perspective front
perspective parallel vann

Step 6

Time for the other side. The rule is very simple here: the more visible one side, the less visible the other. So we need to place the vanishing point close.

how to place vanishing points

Step 7

Again, imagine the full length of that side and shorten it according to the angle.

perspective converging lines
perspective 2d views
perspective two walls
The angle is quite acute, so we need to shorten the side strongly

Step 8

Close the shape of the side with two more lines. Again, these lines are parallel and everything parallel to them will go towards the same direction.

perspective house side
perspective flat views
perspective simple building

Step 9

Now that you know how to use the vanishing points, I will show the drawing up close to make the details more visible.

Perspective distorts proportions, so we need to place the guide lines very carefully. It’s best to use special, universal algorithms to divide an area into equal parts. Let’s divide the front in half and in thirds—the porch seems to be about one-third of the length, so this would be useful for us.

house front divided into thirds
Regular lengths make drawing in perspective easier, so let’s simplify the proportions for our purpose

First connect the corners of the front.

how to divide rectangle in half
how to draw halves in perspective

Step 10

The diagonals of a rectangle show you the center of it even in perspective. So this is how we divide it into halves. Keep this middle line fully vertical.

rectangle two parts algorithm
how to divide into halves in perspective
Notice that one of the halves seems longer than the other—that’s how it works in perspective, and that’s why you can’t just use a ruler for this

Step 11

Once we have the middle lines, we can use it to create thirds:

how to cut in three
perspective three thirds
cut in three
how to divide in thirds in perspective

Keep these guide lines only that visible to use them later, but without confusing them with the final lines of the drawing.

perspective guide lines

Step 12

The other side seems to be about five windows long, so it will be the most useful to us to divide it into fifths. There’s an algorithm for this as well:

house side wall
perspective cut in half
perspective side wall
cut in cross
prspective cross
diagonals
perspective diagonals
draw diagonals
perspective four diagonals
how to divide in five parts
how to divide in fifths in perspective

Again, keep these guide lines barely visible.

perspective building guide lines

2. How to Add Windows and Doors in Perspective

Step 1

We need more guide lines to place the elements on the wall properly. Because this is a building, we can expect the elements follow some kind of proportion. Once we discover it, we can use it in our drawing.

Look at the height of the outline above the windows, the windows, and the lower part of the wall. Mark them on the edge.

house divide horizontally
divide horizontally
perspective divide horizontally

Step 2

Draw parallel lines through these points. Do you remember what parallel means here?

parallel lines
how to draw parallel lines in perspective

Step 3

It’s the easiest to divide the areas in halves and thirds, so let’s assume the window, with all its outline, is one-ninth of the length of the front. Divide each third into thirds to create guide lines for this.

divide into ninths
how to draw regular guide lines in perspective

Step 4

The door does not have such obvious proportions, so we need to create it ourselves. Connect two clear points…

how to discover proportions in drawing
how to make drawing proportionate in perspective

… and draw a vertical line through a crossing of the guide lines.

crossing of the guide lines
perspective mark

Step 5

We now have enough guide lines to outline the windows and door.

windows and doors
windows and draws front view
windows and doors in perspective

Step 6

The actual windows start slightly deeper within the outline. How can we guess their width? Well, let’s create it! Symmetrical ‘X’s are easy to draw…

symmetrical division
symmetrical division in perspective

… and they neatly cross that upper guide line.

house windows
house in front view
how to place windows regularly in perspective

3. How to Draw a Roof in Perspective

Step 1

The roof of the house in my reference is not a simple one, but don’t let that discourage you! Every roof follows the same rules, and some just need more work to apply them.

Define the highest point of the roof. You must think in 3D—you can’t just elongate one wall vertically and place that point there. That point must belong to both walls at the same time!

house roof height
house height front view
how to define roof height in perspective
The height of the roof is arbitrary, but make sure you make it proportional to your overall vision.

Step 2

My roof has a “ridge” on top. Its width will be a nice reference point, but we need to define it first. Again, to add any length to our drawing in perspective, we must base it on something that’s already been drawn. For example, draw two diagonals through the thirds on the side of the window (we can be sure they’re symmetrical)…

house roof proportions
hidden proportions front view
hidden proportions perspective

… and draw a line through the point where they cross with the lowest horizontal guide line.

house front view roof
The height of these lines is arbitrary.
house roof width perspective

Step 3

To draw the height of these lines, we need to place them on the same level as the middle line. Project some lines through guide lines to find the right spot.

how to use guide lines in perspective

Step 4

We know where this ridge starts, but we still don’t know where it ends. More guide lines are necessary to find that point. Remember to keep the proportions from the base view!

how to make proportions constant front view
how to make proportions constant perspective
perspective roof distortion

Step 5

You can now easily outline the ridge.

house top ridge
complicated roof perspective
There’s no need to draw the lines that are concealed by the front, but make sure you know where they are

Step 6

Before we draw the rest of the roof, we need to understand exactly what we want to draw. From the side, the roof looks like a triangle, and we already have the top of this triangle, so we need to follow that rhythm.

house roof triangle

If we elongate the top of the wall towards that line, we’ll find the length of the roof (measuring the distance from the wall to the edge).

house roof length

Now our job is to create some easily replicable guide lines. It doesn’t matter where they are, as long as they create the proportion we want every time they’re used.

house perspective proportions

Apply these guide lines to the drawing in perspective.

special guide lines for roof

Step 7

To find the actual length of the roof, we need to project it to the ground.

how to find roof length in perspective

Step 8

We have the length, but we also need the exact placement of the corners. They’re easy to find now!

perspective roof corners

Step 9

These points are useless to us as long as they’re on the ground, but it’s not difficult to project them to their right level.

house roof height
perspective how to place the roof correctly

Step 10

Finally, connect the dots!

roof front view
how to draw a roof in perspective

4. How to Draw a Complicated Roof in Perspective

Our house has its walls and the roof, so it’s technically done. But it’s
boring, and it doesn’t look like the reference at all! Now we’re going
to make it look more interesting, but keep in mind this may create a
higher level of difficulty. I will also assume you’ve grasped the
techniques we’ve been using so far, so I may not explain every step as
thoroughly.

Step 1

The elements on the roof are placed in a non-random way, and we need to discover it. Let’s create some repeatable guide lines in advance: divide the side of the middle block into eight parts.

eight parts division
divide into eights in perspective

Step 2

The roof of the porch starts in the horizontal center, but not exactly in the center of the roof. Find the exact points you want to use for guide lines, and then project them to your drawing.

house roof center
house porch height
porch height in perspective
Always pay attention to the position of the elements inside the walls.

Step 3

The roof of the porch seems to be parallel to the rest of the roof. We can mark it easily on the side view, but how can we find it in perspective?

roof curvature
roof angle front view

As always, we need to create replicable guide lines that point to our desired result…

replicable guide lines

… and project them to the drawing.

guide lines projection in perspective

Step 4

We know how long the roof is on the side, but we also need to find its width (which, like the reference suggests, is slightly longer than the middle third of the front wall). These guide lines should do the job.

porch roof width
house porch width
porch roof in perspective

Step 5

Now we need to cross the guide lines from both dimensions to find the corners of the roof. The illustration below may look confusing, because we’re so close to the horizon line that the guide lines are almost horizontal.

horizontal guide lines

Step 6

Now we have all we need to outline the little roof!

porch roof outline front view
porhc roof outline in perspective

Step 7

The protruding windows on the roof will be quite complicated to draw, so feel free to skip them if you feel lost.

First, let’s add some guide lines on the roof to see its surface better. We don’t have vanishing points for them, so just follow their rhythm.

roof curvature lines
roof guide lines

Step 8

We need more guide lines in that inner block of the roof. Divide it into quarters.

inner roof guide lines
inner roof guide lines perspective

Step 9

We should know enough to place the base of the window.

roof window guide lines
roof window guides

Step 10

The window has a triangular top, so we need to mark it as well. Quite easy once we stay on the same level of depth, isn’t it?

roof window height
roof window height in perspective

Step 11

Now we need to project the window outline to its place on the roof. I told you it was going to be difficult!

additional roof guide lines
additional roof guide lines in perspective
how to draw roof in perspective
how to draw roof window in perspective
how to measure roof  in perspective
how to draw triangular weindow in perspective

Step 12

The roof of that window is protruding, so we need to project it forward as well. We’re going to use the front wall as a reference to make it easier.

house roof window
small window roof proportions
triangular window roof outline

Make the whole window outline protrude in order to make measurements easier.

triangular window proportions

Step 13

The roof has a certain thickness and angle, so they’re not easy to project. Use a trick to create them: find guide lines on the window outline that automatically create the outline of that roof. It doesn’t need to be perfect, just close enough.

triangular window roof width
triangular window width in perspective
triangular window roof on roof
triangular window roof on roof in perspective

Step 14

Create the other window using the same steps, or by drawing guide lines through the already drawn one.

how to draw windows on the roof in perspective

Step 15

We know exactly where the roofs starts, so we can easily draw their tops.

how to make roof mroe interesting

Step 16

The sides of these windows go towards the inside of the roof, but they’re also covered by it. The curvature of the roof can be measured, but we don’t need to be as precise—just remember that every line going down must be shifted slightly towards the front (as its back gets gradually concealed by the roof).

complciated roof in perspective
roof curvature in perspective

5. How to Draw a Porch With Steps in Perspective

Step 1

The porch has symmetrical sides, but we only have a guide line on one of them. Let’s create a similar one on the left side.

house symmetrical porch
symmetrical porch in perspective

Step 2

Use these guide lines to create the outline of the short wall.

house porch walls
porhc walls front view
porch wall outline

Step 3

These walls will be as long as the roof over them, but not as wide. Use an additional guide line to exclude the part of the roof from the width of the porch area.

roof over porch
roof over porch proportions

Step 4

You can now give these walls all their sides.

little walls of porch
porch walls in perspective

Step 5

Divide the inner side of the wall into thirds—this should be enough to create four steps.

house porch divide into thirds
house porch wall divide into thirds

Step 6

The first step is quite flat, so mark it first before adding the other steps. Its height may be arbitrary.

house flat step
house first step front view
house first step in perspective

Step 7

Divide the two thirds into 16 parts—four heights and four lengths of every step.

how to prepare guide lines for steps
how to prepare guide lines for steps in perspective

Step 8

Draw the outline of the steps, following the guide lines.

steps outline
steps outline front view
steps outline in perspective

Step 9

Now you have enough guide lines to draw the steps.

steps front view
how to draw house steps
how to draw steps in perspective
The other way to do it is to draw the outline of the steps on the other side as well and then to connect them.

Step 10

The porch wall has an elevated part, so we need to draw it as well. It should be easy to measure it with what we already have.

house elevated porch wall
house elevated porch wall front view
elevated porch wall perspective
interesting porch walls in perspective

Step 11

There are pillars supporting the roof growing from the lower part of the wall. I’m going to go the easy way and make them as wide as the wall and a step.

house porch pillar
house pillars front view
house pillars in perspective

Step 12

When all the guide lines are done, you can finish your drawing. If you’re creating it digitally, you just need to remove the guide lines and add the details following the rhythm of the other elements. If you’re drawing traditionally, it’s better to place a new sheet of paper on the sketch and draw clean lines on the top.

how to draw a house step by step

Good Job!

It was a long tutorial, but I hope I managed to clear some things up about perspective and drawing buildings from scratch. Don’t forget to post your result in the comments!

how to draw a house in perspective
View Tutorial: How to Draw a House Step by Step

How to Create an Abstract Vietnamese Woman Portrait in Adobe Photoshop

Final product image
What You’ll Be Creating

In this tutorial I’ll show you how to create an abstract piece featuring a young Vietnamese woman in a traditional long dress. Long dresses, lotus, and bamboo are known as cultural symbols in Vietnam. 

First, we’ll build the background using an old texture and some watercolor images. After that, we’ll add the model and the lotus and bamboo branches. Later, we’ll paint some light and add some splatter and bokeh. We’ll use several adjustment layers to complete the final effect.

Stay inspired! Create beautiful abstract portraits quickly with Photoshop Actions from GraphicRiver.

Tutorial Assets

The following assets were used during the production of this tutorial:

1. How to Make the Watercolor Background

Step 1

Create a new 2000 x 1500 px document in Photoshop with the given settings:

New document

Step 2

Open the texture image. Drag the image into the white canvas using the Move Tool (V) and lower the Opacity of this layer to 40%:

add texture

Step 3

Go to Layer > New Adjustment Layer > Hue/Saturation and reduce the Saturation value to -54:

texture hue saturation

Step 4

Click the
second icon at the bottom of the Layers panel to add a Mask to the
texture layer. On this layer mask, activate the Brush Tool (B) and
choose a Soft Round Brush with black color to paint
on the left section near the middle of the canvas. It’s to reveal the
lightness to fit the light on the model (we’ll see in the next
section).

texture masking

Step 5

Create a Color Balance Adjustment Layer and alter the Midtones settings:

texture color balance

Step 6

Open the
watercolor images pack. Choose the image named 1030 or one you like
and place it on the canvas. Use the Free Transform Tool (Control-T) to
make it fit the size of the background. Change this layer Blend Mode to
Multiply 100%.

add watercolor 1

Add a Mask
to this layer and use a Soft Black Brush with a lowered Opacity (about
30-35%) to reduce the visibility of the watercolor effect.

watercolor 1 masking

Step 7

Choose the
image numbered 1029 and place it in the right half of the canvas. Mask
it off to show some cyan details only around the middle.

add watercolor 2
watercolor 2 masking

Step 8

Make a Hue/Saturation Adjustment Layer above this layer and set it as
Clipping Mask. Adjust the Master and Cyans settings to change the color of the
indicated cyan details.

watercolor 2 hue saturation master
watercolor 2 hue saturation cyans

Step 9

Add the watercolor 2 image to the middle section and set this layer Blend Mode to Multiply 50%. Use a Layer Mask to blend it with the existing background.

add watercolor 3
watercolor 3 masking

2. How to Import the Model

Step 1

Extract the model and add her to the middle of the background using the Move Tool (V).

add model

Step 2

Add a Mask to the model layer and activate the watercolor brushes.
Select the one you like and press F5 to change the settings for this
brush:

watercolor brush settings

Use this brush to soften the bottom of the model and blend her with the canvas.

model masking

Step 3

Create a Hue/Saturation Adjustment Layer and change the Master, Reds and
Magentas settings. The aim is to change the color of the long dress.

model hue saturation master
model hue saturation reds
model hue saturation magentas

Step 4

Use a Color Balance Adjustment Layer to give the model some vibrance:

model color balance adjustment layer

Step 5

Make a Curves Adjustment Layer to darken the front of the model a
little. Paint on the back and the shadow areas of the model.

model curves adjustment layer

3. How to Add the Lotuses

Step 1

Cut out the lotus and place it above the left shoulder of the model.
Duplicate it four times and add the copies to the back, hair, and face. Use
Control-T to change their size and direction.

add lotuses

Step 2

Add a Mask to the lotuses on the shoulder and face. Use a medium Soft Black Brush to blend the lotus with the shoulder and remove the front of
the one on the face to show only two petals near the eye.

lotuses masking

Step 3

Select all the lotus layers and press Control-G to make a Group for
them. Change this group’s Blend Mode to Normal 100% and add a Hue/Saturation Adjustment Layer within the group. Bring the Hue value up to +15:

lotuses hue saturation adjustment layer

Step 4

Use a Color Balance Adjustment Layer to increase the red for the lotuses.

lotuses color balance adjustment layer

Step 5

Make a Curves Adjustment Layer to brighten the lotuses. Paint on the
shadow areas so they won’t be affected by this adjustment layer.

lotuses curves adjustment layer

4. How to Decorate With the Bamboo Branches

Step 1

Extract the bamboo branch and place it in anywhere on the canvas. Set this layer under the lotus group.

add bamboo branch

Go to Filter > Liquify and choose the Forward Warp Tool. Use this tool to make the branch longer and more curved, like mine:

branch liquify
branch liquify result

Place this modified branch behind the biggest lotus.

locate branch

Step 2

Use a Layer Mask to erase the top of this branch.

branch masking

Step 3

Use this method to create more different twisted branches. Arrange them
around the model, above the head, along the hair, and beside the cone. Use
a Layer Mask if needed to blend the branches with the head or make them
appear behind or in front of the model.

add more bamboo branches

Step 4

Make a Group for the bamboo branches. Add a Color Balance Adjustment Layer to make the branches more yellow to match the existing
background.

branches color balance adjustment layer

Step 5

Go back to the model layer and add a Mask to it. Use a medium Soft Black Brush with a very small size (2-3 px) to erase the space between the branches on the head.

model masking
model masking result

5. How to Paint Some Light

Step 1

Make a New Layer on top of the layers and use a large Soft Brush with
the color #251601 to paint on the model area. Change this layer’s Blend Mode to
Linear Dodge 100%
.

paint light 1
light 1 result

Step 2

Duplicate this layer twice to strengthen the light effect. Use a Layer Mask to erase the light on the model’s face to focus on the cone area
only.

paint light 2

Step 3

On a New Layer, use a small Soft Brush with the color #d9ab53 to paint the lotus on the shoulder. Change this layer Blend Mode to Overlay 100%.

paint light 3

6. How to Make the Splatter Effect

Step 1

Open splatter 1 image. It has a transparent background, so just use
the Move Tool to place it under the lotuses behind the model.

add splatter 1

Step 2

Double-click this layer, choose Color Overlay, and pick a green color similar to the color of the bamboo’s branches (#8aa013).

splatter 1 color overlay

Step 3

Duplicate
this layer twice and resize them to be smaller. Move one rightward a bit
and the other to the shoulder, and then use a Layer Mask on each of these layers to soften the
lines of the splatters.

add more splatters 1

Step 4

Add more splatter under the big lotus behind the model and change the color to #df7877 to match the color of the lotus.

change splatter 1 color overlay

Step 5

Open the watercolor 2 image again and place it over the lotuses on the
model’s back. Scale it down and change this layer Blend Mode to Darken 100%.

add watercolor 2 darken mode

Use a Layer Mask to clean up the effect on the bigger lotus.

watercolor 2 darken mode masking

Step 6

Make a Hue/Saturation Adjustment Layer to change the effect’s color to green.

watercolor 2 hue saturation

Step 7

Use a Curves Adjustment Layer to decrease the effect’s visibility.

watercolor 2 curves

Step 8

Open the splatter 2 image. Extract the splatter from the white
background using the Magic Wand Tool (W). After that, use the Lasso Tool
(L)
to select the right part (or any parts you like—your choice) and
add it to our main working file. Duplicate this layer and move the
splatters to the head and the back of the model.

add splatter 2

Take the upper part of the splatter and place it in the cone area.

add more splatter 2

Step 9

Add a Mask to each of these layers and clean up the unwanted details.

splatters 2 masking

Step 10

Make a Group for the splatter 2 layers and change their color to green using a Hue/Saturation Adjustment Layer.

splatters 2 hue saturation

Step 11

Create a New Layer on top of the layers. Change the Foreground Color to
#809100
and use a watercolor brush to paint on top of the head.

add watercolor brush

Add a Mask to this layer and use a smaller watercolor brush with settings like our previous ones to make a defined effect.

watercolor brush masking

7. How to Add the Bokeh

Step 1

Place the bokeh image over the lotuses on the model’s back. Change this layer Blend Mode to Overlay 100%
and use a Layer Mask to clean up the hard edges and make some bokeh
visible on the lotuses.

add bokeh
bokeh masking
bokeh masking result

Step 2

Select different parts of the bokeh image to add to the cone area, the
head, and the back. Apply Masking on each of these layers to show some
light and bokeh.

add more bokeh
bokeh effect result
bokeh effect result

Step 3

Make a Group for these
layers and alter the group’s Blend Mode to Overlay 100%. Add a Hue/Saturation Adjustment Layer and bring the Hue value down to -13:

bokeh hue saturation adjustment layer

Step 4

Create a Curves Adjustment Layer to strengthen the effect and light.

bokeh curves adjustment layer

8. How to Make the Final Adjustments

Step 1

Create a Gradient Map Adjustment Layer on top of the layers and pick the
colors #e10019 and #ae730c. Lower the Opacity of this layer to 20%.

gradient map adjustment layer

Step 2

Make a Color Balance Adjustment Layer and alter the Midtones settings:

whole scene color balance adjustment layer

Step 3

Use a Curves Adjustment Layer to increase the contrast of the whole image:

whole scene curves adjustment layer

Congratulations, You’re Done!

I hope that you’ve enjoyed my tutorial and learned something new. Feel
free to share your ideas or comments in the box below—I’d love to see
them. Enjoy Photoshopping!

Abstract Vietnamese Photo Manipulation Photoshop Tutorial
View Tutorial: How to Create an Abstract Vietnamese Woman Portrait in Adobe Photoshop

How to Create iMessage Stickers in Adobe Illustrator and Make Extra Cash!

Final product image
What You’ll Be Creating

You may have noticed that there is a craze for iMessage stickers since they were introduced with iOS 10. Today, you can now create and sell your very own digital stickers, instead of using the pre-installed emojis.

iMessage stickers are a cool and fun way to express your ideas and thoughts because you can peel, place, and stick them into your chats!!

If you’ve ever wondered what goes into making a sticker pack for iOS, in this tutorial, we will work from a sketch to design simple iMessage stickers in Adobe Illustrator using lines, shapes, and colors. Then will briefly shift to iTunes Connect and Xcode to launch our own iMessage sticker pack onto the App Store.

If you’re looking for emoticon inspiration for your own sticker designs, pop on over to GraphicRiver.

1. Come Up with a Concept and Prepare Your Sticker File in Adobe Illustrator

Step 1

I’ve been missing home for a while. No matter how much I enjoy the wonders of travel, my belly is
always filled with the scent of “home” food. So I decided to base my theme on “Lebanese food”. There is absolutely nothing
as rich and abundant with variety as Lebanese cuisine.

So let’s start by sketching out our food concept on paper or digitally.

I’ve sketched out 12 food “stickers” from the Lebanese table, and labelled their names in Lebanese, just for reference.

Generally it’s good to have about 24 designs for a sticker pack, but for the sake of this tutorial we are working on just 12.

Start by sketching out 12 items in a 4 x 3 grid form, as below.

sketch lebaanese food

After you have finished sketching, move the sketch into Adobe Illustrator.

Step 2

Launch Adobe Illustrator CC.

Open a New Document: File
> New
(Command-N) and set up your Custom file:

Name: “Lebanese_Food_iMessage_Stickers”.

  • Number of Artboards: 12 (respective to the number of stickers, as each sticker should have its own artboard)

You have three choices of sticker sizes to create.

  • Small: 300 x 300 pixels
  • Medium: 408 x 408 pixels
  • Large: 618 x 618 pixels

I personally prefer working on 618 x 618. So adjust the New Document Settings:

  • Columns: 4
  • Width:
    618 px
  • Height:
    618 px
  • Units: Pixels
  • Color Mode:
    RGB
  • Click Create Document
Adobe illustrator open new document

Step 3

Use the Place shortcut (Command-Shift-P) to place the sketch onto the first Artboard. Drag the image to fill all the artboards, so your sketches fill all the artboards created.

Command Shift P Place

Next, we need to create a layer for our line work. 

Open the Layers panel, Window > Layers.

Click
on the sub-menu of the Layers panel:

  1. Name: Sketch
  2. Select Lock
  3. Dim Images to: 20%
  4. OK
Adobe Illustrator layer options

After locking the “Sketch” layer, Create New Layer, on top of the ‘Sketch, and name it ‘Linework’.

File > Save (Command-S), and save your Illustrator file.

2. How to Draw the Line Work

Step
1

Let us prepare to draw in our line work.

First, we need to create a “pressure” Calligraphic art brush. Open the Brushes panel: Window > Brushes.

Select the Ellipse Tool (L), with a black Fill, null Stroke, and draw in a small ellipse the size of the brush you want to draw with.

create art brushes

Step 2

With the ellipse selected, drag and drop it into the Brushes panel. 

A New Brush dialog box will pop open. Select
Art Brush, and OK.

create art brush new brush

The Art Brush Options dialog
box will open.

Note: If you have a digital pen tablet, it’s perfect to create an art brush that reacts to the pen pressure.

To create a brush to move with the pressure of the pen, in the Art Brush Options dialog
box, select:

  • Width: Pressure
  • Brush Scale Options: Stretch to Fit
    Stroke Length
  • Colorization Method: Tints; this will enable us to customize the colors of our custom brush strokes later.
  • Click OK.
create art brush

Once the art brush is created, Delete the created ellipse.

Now we have a pressure-oriented art brush ready!

Step 3

Let’s start tracing the sketch.

  1. Open the Stroke panel: Windows > Stroke.
  2. From the Brushes panel, select the art brush we just created.
  3. Choose the Paintbrush Tool (B), from the Tools panel.
  4. In the Stroke panel, select a black Stroke of 0.5 pt, and Fill set to none.

Make sure your brush is not very smooth when you trace, so that it looks as if it’s hand drawn. To smooth out the art brush, double click the Paintbrush Tool (B), from the Tools panel, and the Paintbrush Tool Options dialog box will open.

Drop the Fidelity down a notch or two.

paint brush tool artbrush fidelity

Step 4

Let’s start tracing with the Paintbrush Tool (B).

Follow the sketch and trace in the line work. It does not have to be perfect, as we want to give it a simple hand-drawn doodle effect.

sketch trace linework

Once all the line work is put in, Lock your “Linework” layer from the Layers panel.

Create New Layer, under ‘Linework“, and name it “Color“, so we can apply color below the line work.

adobe illustrator create new layer

Always Save your file. File > Save (Command-S).

3. How to Quickly Color the Artwork

Step 1

Let’s color!

From the Tools panel, select the Blob Brush Tool (Shift-B). The Blob Brush is similar to a marker, and it’s fun to use. 

Just select the Color Stroke swatch of your choice, with null fill,
and color in the food icons.

  • A quick tip: To manage the Blob Brush Tool size, hold the left square bracket key ([) to decrease the
    brush size and the right square bracket (]) to enlarge.
  • Along with the Blob Brush Tool (Shift-B), use the Eraser Tool (Shift-E), to erase any blob shapes you want to clean out.

The coloring doesn’t have to be perfect, as we need it to have an organic feel.

Start with the hummus.

adobe illustrator tip blob brush tool

As you see, you can achieve a lot with the Blob Brush Tool just by changing its size and colors. Plus it’s fast to use.

So have fun and color in the rest of the artwork!

Step 2

You need to arrange the blob shapes as you color along, so to Arrange objects, use these shortcuts to speed up the workflow:

  • Arrange > Bring to Front (Command-Shift-])
  • Arrange > Bring Forward (Command-])
  • Arrange > Send Backward (Command-[)
  • Arrange > Send to Back (Command-Shift-[)

Once you have arranged everything, you should have a nice colorful set of icons.

arrange layers

Step 3

Now let’s clean up our artboards.

  1. Unlock the “Linework” layer from the Layers panel.
  2. Delete the “Sketch” layer, by dragging
    it from the Layers panel to the
    trash icon on that panel.
  3. Select the Selection Tool (V), and for each food icon, select the respective line work and color.
  4. Group (Command-G) it together. Automatically, once you group the two layers, the new group moves into the “Linework” layer.
  5. Center each icon to the center of the artboard by simply eyeing it.
selection tool

6. Scale the grouped objects to fit within the artboard dimensions, and keeping a small space along the borders. To
maintain the object’s proportions, hold down Shift as you drag the bounding box handle until the object is the desired size.

7. Once all the food icons have been scaled, delete the “Color” layer, as it’s empty.

selection v tool

File > Save (Command-S).

4. How to Export and Create Our App Icons

Step 1

Export the art files, using the Export for Screens feature (File > Export > Export for Screens). 

  1. Export as PNG.
  2. Click the Advanced Settings icon, select which location to export your files to, and set Scale to 1x.
  3. Set Background Color: Transparent.
  4. Export Artboard.
adobe illustrator export files

Step 2

You have two choices. Either choose to use a secondary app Marketplace to launch the stickers, like LINE Creators Market, or build it yourself using the Apple Developers Account.

For this tutorial I will briefly guide you through opening an Apple Developers Account, which costs $100 a year. The application process is quite straightforward, and acceptance is quick. However, then you need to sign in to iTunes Connect and set up the administrative stuff like the Tax and Banking, if you’re planning to sell your stickers (This is not required for free sticker packs).

For more
details, go to the iTunes Connect Developer Guide, and take the time to familiarize yourself with it.

Step 3

To generate our stickers, we need to use Xcode.

Download the latest version of Xcode 8 direct from the Mac App Store and Install.

Step 4

Uploading the stickers to Xcode is easy; just follow the steps:

Open Xcode.

Make sure you are signed in to Xcode with your Apple ID.

Preference > Account > Select + > Sign in.

  1. Create a New Xcode Project.
  2. Select Sticker Pack Application.
  3. Click Next.
  4. Give the sticker bundle a Product Name to identify it: ‘Lebanese Food‘.
  5. Then fill out the Team, Organization Name, and Identifier (com.yourcompany.ProductName), according to your details.
  6. Click Next
  7. Select Stickers.xcstickers > Sticker Pack folder, and upload the stickers, by dragging and dropping the images.
Xcode
Xcode Select sticker pack application
Xcode Sticker Bundle
Xcode

Step 5

Next upload the iMessage App Icons.

The folder is above the ‘Sticker Pack’ folder.

Chose one image from the food set that you want to use for the App Icon, and convert it into a JPG in Adobe Photoshop, so it has a white background. Rename the App Icon image: “Lebanese_Food_App_Icon.jpg“.

There are 12
icon images in total that you will need for Xcode, and 1 for iTunes Connect.
To generate the app icons easily, visit MakeAppIcon.

Upload the selected food icon onto the website, enter your Email, and it will generate all the various app icon file sizes for you.

You can Download them direct from your email.

makeappicon generator app

Once you have downloaded the generated images, Upload into Xcode by dragging and dropping.

It should look something like this once you’ve uploaded to Xcode.

Xcode upload iMessage app

5. Configure and Register the Stickers

Step 1

Once you have uploaded the stickers, you need to ‘Test the Build‘ from Xcode, to see if the stickers in
action are good. You can do this through the
Xcode Simulator
, or
you can run it on your own device. All you need to do is:

  1. Select your mobile device, under Set the Active Scheme.
  2. Click the Run button.
Xcode select iphone device

If a notification error is showing, make the requested changes, export and upload the corrected icons again.

Then test the stickers on the Xcode Simulator by clicking the Run icon. Looks fab!

test run stickers imessage

If you need to adjust the display size of your stickers on iMessage, you can do so in the right panel, as seen below.

The sizes “Medium” or “Small” work well.

Xcode sticker

Once it’s done, we need to register an App ID for the stickers.

Step 2

Log in to your Apple Developer Account to register an App ID.

  1. Enter Account > Identifiers > App ID > Select +
  2. Fill in the details and Register.
apple developer account app

Step 3

Now we can finally Export & Upload our “build” to iTunes Connect!

Go back to Xcode.

  1. Select “Generic iOS device” under Set the Active Scheme.
  2. Then select the ‘Stickers.xcstickers’ folder, and from the top main menu click Product > Archive, to Archive the build.

A new window should appear that will show the archived “Build“. You will see the stickers in the left panel.

Click Validate to see if all stickers are good to go. If there are
issues, Xcode will display a notification in red on the top menu bar.

If everything goes well with the “Build“, then you need to upload it to iTunes Connect for Review.

Click on Upload to App Store. This will upload the stickers to iTunes Connect. After it’s done uploading, it should appear on your iTunes Connect account. Give it a few minutes.

xcode archives sticker pack

Step 4

Time to submit the stickers to the App Store!

In iTunes Connect:

  1. Select My Apps.
  2. Select + > New App, and select the ‘Build‘ we just uploaded for submission.
itunes connect plus add new app
  1. Select iOS platform.
  2. Name: Lebanese Food.
  3. Select Language and Bundle ID.
  4. Create a unique SKU “eg.location.com.bundle_title”.
  5. Create!
itunes new app

On the left menu panel, fill out the App information and Pricing & Availability. Here you can write the app description, language, categories, and price of the app. We will not get into all the details, as it’s quite straightforward, but it should look similar to this:

itunes connect app

Step 5

In Adobe Photoshop, create some screenshots, using the Xcode Simulator, and upload them onto iTunes Connect, to create iMessage preview images for the screenshot displays. This might take some time. Create 5 screenshot dimensions: iPhone 5.5 inch display (1242 x 2208 px). The system will generate the rest of the sizes for you.

itunes imessage preview images app

Once done, click Submit for Review.

And
that’s it!

Now all you’ve got to do is wait for the review process for a few days, to get approved.

While your stickers are in review, you can send out Test invitations to your fans through TestFlight, to try out the stickers free for 60 days. Or you can use the time to set up your taxes, agreements, certificates, and
bank details with Apple.

It’s a bit time-consuming, and you will face some errors along the way, but with some patience and help, you will get there.

Congratulations!
Our “Lebanese Food” iMessage Stickers Are Ready!

Wow, I hope
you’ve enjoyed this tutorial! Designing stickers is fun, especially if you can make some money out of it! 

Purchase the ‘Lebanesy Food’ sticker pack from iTunes.

I hope you found this tutorial useful! I would love to see what you create! Share your sticker designs with us.

Lebanese Food Final
View Tutorial: How to Create iMessage Stickers in Adobe Illustrator and Make Extra Cash!

How to Create a Mini 3D House in 3D Studio Max

Final product image
What You’ll Be Creating

Looking to create a low-poly house to use for your graphic design or illustration projects? Or perhaps you’d like to learn a little bit of 3D modelling whilst creating something fun and simple? Well, you can do it in this tutorial, where we will go through the step-by-step process of creating a mini house in 3D Studio Max.

In this tutorial, we’ll learn how to create a fun, low-poly, miniature house which you can use in your own illustration or video game projects. Some of the skills you will learn will include creating basic 3D shapes and basic modelling techniques. Let’s begin!

1. How to Create the Basic Shapes

Step 1

Open 3D Studio Max and create a standard box object. To do this, select the Box button under Standard Primitives in the Create menu. To follow this guide, you can also choose the same parameters, although this is not 100% necessary.  

Image showing how to create standard primitives

Step 2

Once you have created your box, it should look similar to the image below. This is your basic shape for the main body of the house.

Image of a 3D box

Step 3

Next, we will create the basic shape for the roof. To do this, select Extended Primitives from the dropdown menu under Geometry, and select the Prism button.

Image of how to create a 3D prism

Step 4 

Now use the Move and Rotate tools to place the newly created prism on top of the box.

Image of a box and a prism to create a house

2. How to Model the Roof

Step 1

Now we must make the prism editable. To do this, Right-Click on the prism and select Convert to Editable Poly.

Image of how to convert an object into an editable poly

Step 2

Using the Polygon Selection Tool, select the left, right and bottom faces and then press the Delete button.

Image of how the Polygon Selection Tool works

Step 3

With the prism still selected, select Shell from the modifier list.

Image of selecting the shell modifier

Step 4

Now input the values you would like for the roof. The recommended values in the image below are Inner Amount: 1.0 and Outer Amount: 0.0. This will give you the thickness of the roof.

Image of the new roof using the shell modifier

Step 5

For the chimney we will want to create a new box (parameters shown in the image below if you wish to follow this tutorial exactly) and then place it on top of the roof.

Image of a basic chimney

Step 6

Now Right-Click on the new box and select Convert to Editable Poly as we did with our previous 3D objects.

Right click and convert to editable poly

Step 7

Using the Polygon Tool, select the bottom and top faces of the chimney. Now use the Bevel Tool to create an inner square (use the values of Bevel Height: 0.0 and Bevel Outline: -1.0 to follow this tutorial exactly).

Image of the Bevel Tool

Step 8

Now delete the inner squares at the top and the bottom. You can then use the Edge Selection Tool and the Bridge Tool to fill the inside faces of the chimney.

Image of the Bridge Tool

3. How to Model the House

Step 1

Now select the main body of the house. Create three new width segments and two length segments. Once you have done that, we will want to make the box editable. This is done in exactly the same way as before by Right-Clicking and selecting Convert to Editable Poly.

Adding more segments to the body of the house

Step 2

Using the Edge Tool, select the middle edges. Now, using the Move Tool, move the edges up so that it fills the roof space.

Filling up the roof

Step 3

Now use the Cut Tool to create a new edge for the roof space on the left and right side of the house.

Using the cut tool

Step 4

Use the Polygon Tool to select the left and right boxes of the front (and back if you want) of the house. Then use the Bevel Tool to create window spaces.

Image of using the bevel tool to create windows

Step 5

Now, with the windows still selected, use the Scale Tool to make the windows the shape that you want.

Image of using the scale tool to edit the size of the windows

Step 6

Repeat the previous two steps to create windows for the left and right sides of the house.

Image of using the scale tool and the bevel tool to create windows

Step 7

Select all the windows and hit the Delete key on your keyboard.

Creating empty windows

Step 8

Now, under Geometry, select Windows in the dropdown menu and play with the parameters to create a window that will fit into the window spaces of the house.

Creating windows in the dropdown menu

Step 9

Repeat the previous steps to create windows for your house.

Image of the new windows

Step 10

Now attach all the elements you have created using the Attach Tool.

Image using the attach tool

Step 11

Using the same steps as above, create a door. You will find the options to create a door under the same dropdown menu where you created the windows.

Image of creating the door

Step 12

Now you can use the skills you’ve learnt so far in this tutorial to create further details for the house, such as creating the roof windows and stairs shown below.

Image of the house with new details

4. How to Colour the House

Step 1

To colour the house, you will need to separate the house objects according to the colours you want to use. One way of doing this is by using the Element Tool. Use the tool to select the object you want to colour (e.g. the roof).

Image of using the element tool

Step 2

Now, with the element selected, click on the Material Editor button which can be found on the top menu.

Image of the material editor button

Step 3

Drag and drop a Standard Material into the main view and Double-Click on it to display the options.

Image of the material editor

Step 4

Double-Click on the Diffuse Box to bring up the colour menu.

Image to show the diffuse options

Step 5

Choose the colour you want your roof to be and then click the Assign to Material button.

Image of the red roof

Step 6

Repeat the last steps to colour in the rest of the house!

Image of the final coloured house

Awesome Work, You’re Done!

And with that, your 3D mini house is complete! Feel free to share your own creations below! You can also export your image into Adobe Photoshop to enhance it further or to use it as part of a larger image. I hope you’ve enjoyed this tutorial, and I’ll see you next time!

Image of the finished coloured house
View Tutorial: How to Create a Mini 3D House in 3D Studio Max

How to Create Traditional Romanian Objects in Adobe Illustrator

Final product image
What You’ll Be Creating

In today’s
tutorial, we’re going to take a close look at the process of creating a particularly
interesting icon pack, since we’re going to illustrate some Romanian traditional
objects that are the living definition of what “home” was back before the
digital age. As always, we’re going to use and abuse Illustrator’s geometric
shapes, in combination with some basic tools such as the Align panel and
Pathfinder.

That being said, grab a fresh batch of coffee and let’s dive in!

Also, if you’re
looking to expand the project, you can do so by heading over to GraphicRiver
and checking out some of their home-themed icons.

1. How to Set Up a New Document

Since I’m hoping that you already have
Illustrator up and running in the background, bring it up and let’s set up a New Document (File > New or Control-N)
using the following settings:

  • Number
    of Artboards:
    1
  • Width:
    800
    px
  • Height:
    600
    px
  • Units:
    Pixels

And from the Advanced tab:

  • Color
    Mode:
    RGB
  • Raster
    Effects:
    Screen (72ppi)
  • Preview Mode: Default
setting up a new document

2. How to Set Up a Custom Grid

Since we’re going to be creating the icons
using a pixel-perfect workflow, we’ll want to set up a nice little Grid so that we can have full control
over our shapes.

Step 1

Go to the Edit > Preferences > Guides & Grid submenu, and adjust
the following settings:

  • Gridline
    every:
    1 px
  • Subdivisions: 1
setting up a custom grid

Quick
tip:
you can learn more about grids by reading this
in-depth piece on how Illustrator’s Grid System works.

Step 2

Once we’ve set up our custom grid, all we
need to do in order to make sure our shapes look crisp is enable the Snap to Grid option found under the View menu, which will transform into Snap to Pixel each time you enter Pixel Preview mode.

Now, if you’re new to
the whole “pixel-perfect workflow”, I strongly recommend you go through my how
to create pixel-perfect artwork
tutorial, which will help you widen your
technical skills in no time.

3. How to Set Up the Layers

With the New Document created, it would be
a good idea to structure our project using a couple of layers, since this way
we can maintain a steady workflow by focusing on one icon at a time.

That being said, bring up the Layers panel, and create a total of four
layers, which we will rename as follows:

  • layer
    1
    : reference grids
  • layer
    2
    : pan flute
  • layer 3: sewing frame
  • layer 4: wooden spoons
setting up the layers

4. How to Create the Reference Grids

The
reference grids (or base grids)
are a set of precisely delimited reference surfaces, which allow us to build
our icons by focusing on size and consistency.

Usually, the size of the grids determines
the size of the actual icons, and they should always be the first decision you
make on you start a new project, since you’ll always want to start from the
smallest possible size and build on that.

Now, in our case, we’re going to be
creating the icon pack using just one size, more exactly 128 x 128 px, which is a fairly large one.

Step 1

Start by locking all
but the “reference grids” layer, and then grab the Rectangle Tool (M) and create a 128 x 128 px orange (#F15A24) square, which will help define the
overall size of our icons.

creating the main shape for the reference grid

Step 2

Add a smaller 120 x 120 px one (#FFFFFF) which will
act as our active drawing area, thus giving us an all-around 4 px padding.

creating the main shape for the active drawing area

Step 3

Group the two squares composing the
reference grid using the Control-G keyboard
shortcut, and then create three copies at a distance of 40 px from one another, making sure to align them to the center of
the Artboard.

Once you’re done,
lock the current layer and move on to the next one where we’ll start working on
our first icon.

creating and positioning the remaining reference grids

5. How to Create
the Pan Flute

The pan flute,
also known as panpipes, is a simple yet interesting musical instrument dating all
the way back to the ancient Greeks. It takes its name from Pan, the god of
nature and protector of shepherds. The name itself is a derivative of the word “paein”
which means “to pasture”, which is probably the reason why so many cultures,
including mine, have associated the instrument with the act of herding.

To me, this little
object has a special meaning, since it manages to take me back to a time and
place when life was simpler, and home wasn’t all about the place, but the
people that made it home.

Now, without wasting any more time, make sure you’re on the right layer
(that would be the second one) and let’s get kick off the project by recreating
it.

Step 1

Start working on the pan flute’s upper section, by creating an 8 x 6 px rectangle, which we will color
using #899E47 and then align to the top edge of the active drawing area,
positioning it at a distance of 4 px from
its top edge and 20 px from its left
one.

creating and positioning the main shape for the upper section of the pan flutes body

Step 2

Give the shape an outline using the Stroke method, by creating a copy of it
(Control-C) which we will paste in
front (Control-F) and then adjust by
changing its color to #2B3249 and then flipping its Fill with its Stroke (Shift-X). Set the Stroke’s Weight to 4 px, selecting and grouping both
shapes together afterwards using the Control-G
keyboard shortcut.

adding the outline to the main shape of the pan flutes upper body

Step 3

Create nine copies of the shape that we’ve just
grouped (Control-C > Control-F nine
times), and then horizontally distribute them onto the original’s right side,
using the Align panel so that their
outlines end up overlapping.

creating and positioning the remaining shapes for the pan flutes upper section

Step 4

Create the pipes using ten rectangles (#A8755A—see the dimensions
below) with a 4 px thick outline (#2B3249),
which we will horizontally stack next to one another, grouping (Control-G) and then positioning them
underneath the smaller rectangles.

  • first pipe: 8 x 110 px
  • second pipe: 8 x 102 px
  • third pipe: 8 x 94 px
  • fourth pipe: 8 x 82 px
  • fifth pipe: 8 x 74 px
  • sixth pipe: 8 x 66 px
  • seventh pipe: 8 x 54 px
  • eighth pipe: 8 x 46 px
  • ninth pipe: 8 x 38 px
  • tenth pipe: 8
    x 30 px
creating and positioning the main shapes for the pan flutes pipes

Step 5

Add an 8
px
wide 4 px thick Stroke line (#2B3249) to the first,
fourth and seventh pipe’s lower section, positioning it at a distance of 2 px from their outlines. Once you’re done, select and group all the shapes that we have so far using the Control-G keyboard shortcut.

adding the horizontal detail lines to the pan flutes pipes

Step 6

Create the horizontal section holding all the
pipes together using a 92 x 16 px rectangle
(#CE9D78) with a 4 px thick outline
(#2B3249), which we will group (Control-G)
and then center align to the pipes, positioning it at a distance of 12 px from the active drawing area’s
top edge.

creating and positioning the main shapes for the section holding the pan flutes pipes together

Step 7

Start adding details to the section from the
previous step, by creating the center flower using eight 2
x 2 px
circles (#2B3249), which we will position around another 2 x 2 px one (2B3249). Once you have
them in place, don’t forget to select and group (Control-G) them together so that they won’t get separated by
accident.

creating and positioning the main shapes for the pan flutes center flower

Quick tip: for the current and
following step I recommend you turn on Pixel
Preview
mode (Alt-Control-Y)
since it will give you the ability to carefully position each and every circle
as seen in the reference image. Once you’re
done, exit the mode by pressing Alt-Control-Y
again.

Step 8

Start working on the left decorative wave
pattern using a couple of 2 x 2 px circles
(#2B3249), which we will position as seen in the reference image. Once you’re
done, select and group (Control-G)
all the circles together before moving on to the next step.

creating and positioning the main shapes for the pan flutes left decorative pattern

Step 9

Finish off the current icon by adding the right
segment of the decorative pattern, using a copy of the one from the previous
step (Control-C > Control-F),
which we will position onto the opposite side of the flower, making sure to
vertically reflect it once we have it in place (right click > Transform > Reflect > Vertical). Once you’re
done, select and group (Control-G)
the decorative pattern to the underlying section, doing the same for all of the
icon’s composing shapes afterwards.

finishing off the pan flute icon

6. How to Create the Sewing Frame

Living in a digital age can really erase some of the older arts from one’s
mind, especially if that person never encountered them in real life. Sewing,
which is thought to have originated way back in the Stone Age, was and in some
places still is a powerful part of the Romanian culture and tradition, since it
has been used as a means of decoration of both the home and the clothes and
tools used back in the day.

To me personally, sewing brings back so many fond
memories from my childhood, when I used to sit next to my grandmother and watch
her spend hours creating beautiful art pieces to decorate her
home.

That being said, let’s get back to our own art, by first making sure we’re on
the right layer (that would be the third one) and then creating our
second icon.

Step 1

Start working on the frame’s main body by
creating a 106 x 106 px circle (#CE9D78)
with a 4 px thick outline (#2B3249),
which we will group (Control-G) and
then center align to the underlying active drawing area’s top edge.

creating and positioning the main shapes for the sewing frames larger body

Step 2

Create a smaller 90 x 90 px circle (#A8755A) with a 4 px thick outline (#2B3249), which we will group (Control-G) and then center align to the
one from the previous step.

creating and positioning the main shapes for the sewing frames inner body

Step 3

Add the canvas using a 78 x 78 px circle (#EFD4C5) with a 4 px thick outline (#2B3249), which we will group (Control-G) and then center align to the
previous section. Once you’re done, select and group (Control-G) all three sections together as well.

creating and positioning the main shapes for the sewing frames canvas

Step 4

Start working on the frame’s bottom section by
creating its outline using a 20 x 18 px rectangle
(#2B3249), which we will center align to the active drawing area’s bottom edge,
making sure to send it to the back of the larger circles (right click > Transform > Arrange > Send to Back).

creating and positioning the main shape for the outline of the sewing frames bottom section

Step 5

Add the fill section using a smaller 12 x 14 px rectangle (#CE9D78) which we
will center align to the top edge of the previously created shape.

adding the fill shape to the bottom section of the sewing frame

Step 6

Create an 18
px
tall 4 px thick Stroke line (#2B3249), which we will
center align to the shape from the previous step.

adding the vertical detail line to the sewing frames bottom section

Step 7

Start working on the little tightening screw, by creating its main body
using a 44 px wide 4 px thick Stroke line (#2B3249), which we will
position towards the bottom section of the frame, leaving a 2 px gap between it and the larger
outline.

creating and positioning the main shape for the body of the sewing frames tightening screw

Step 8

Add the screw’s cap using an 8 x
8 px
square (#2B3249), which we will center align to the
body’s right anchor point. Once you’re done, select and group (Control-G) the two shapes together,
sending them to the back of the bottom section afterwards (right click > Transform > Arrange > Send to Back).

adding the head to the sewing frames tightening screw

Step 9

Start working on the actual decorative flower by creating the center
section using four 2 x 2 px squares
(#2B3249) which we will position so that they end
up forming a plus sign. Group (Control-G)
the shapes and then center align them to the canvas.

creating and positioning the main shapes for the center section of the sewing frames decorative flower

Step 10

Turn on the Pixel
Preview
mode (Alt-Control-Y) and
create the upper section of the flower’s top-left petal,
using three sets of four 2 x 2 px squares
(#E56F5C) which we will position next to one another, pushing each set 2 px up so that they end up forming a
stair set. Group (Control-G) the
squares and then position them onto the left side of the plus sign, making sure
to leave a 2 px gap between them.

creating and positioning the main shapes for the upper section of the sewing frames top left petal

Step 11

Create a copy of the section from the previous step (Control-C > Control-F), which we
will rotate (right click > Transform
> Rotate > 90º
) and then horizontally reflect (right click > Transform > Reflect > Horizontal),
positioning the resulting shape underneath the original.

creating and positioning the main shapes for the bottom section of the sewing frames left petal

Step 12

Give the petal an outline, by adding a couple of 2 x 2 px squares (#2B3249) around its two composing sections,
making sure to select and group (Control-G)
all of them together once you’re done.

adding the outline to the sewing frames top left petal

Step 13

Create the other petals using three copies (Control-C > Control-F three times) of the one that we’ve just
finished working on, which we will position around the center plus sign,
reflecting them as needed.

adding the remaining petals to the sewing frames flower

Step 14

Continue adding details to the flower by creating four copies (Control-C > Control-F four times) of
its center plus sign, which we will position on the outer edge of space found
between each pair of petals.

adding the remaining plus signs to the sewing frames flower

Step 15

Finish off the flower, and with it the icon itself, by adding diagonal lines to each of its petals, using four sets of 2 x 2 px squares (#2B3249). Once you’re done, select and group (Control-G) all of the flower’s
composing shapes together, doing the same for the entire icon afterwards.

finishing off the sewing frame icon

7. How to Create
the Wooden Spoons

We are now down to
our third and last icon, which is composed of a set of traditional handmade
spoons, which are another powerful means of expression of Romanian people’s minds, used not only to decorate but also as a tool within their households.

I’m not even going
to talk all that much about this art form, since I’m really hoping that by
creating this little icon you’ll gain a powerful enough curiosity to search for more information on it.

That being said, make sure you’re on the right layer (that would be the
fourth one) and let’s finish this.

Step 1

Start working on the first spoon by creating an 8 x 8 px circle (#D3685E) with a 4 px thick outline (#2B3249), which we will group (Control-G) and then position at a
distance of 16 px from the active
drawing area’s left edge, making sure to align it to its top edge afterwards.

creating and positioning the upper circular section of the first wooden spoon

Step 2

Create a slightly larger 12
x 12 px
circle (#CE9D78) with a 4 px
thick outline (#2B3249) on top of which we will add another 4 x 4 px circle (#2B3249). Group (Control-G) all three shapes together,
and then position them below the previous section.

adding the second circular section to the first wooden spoons handle

Step 3

Create the spoon’s first set of petals using two 10 x 10 px rectangles (#CE9D78), which we will adjust by setting
the Radius of their lower outer
corners to 8 px and their upper
inner ones to 4 px from within the Transform panel’s Rectangle Properties. Give the resulting shapes a 4 px thick outline (#2B3249),
individually grouping (Control-G)
each petal, and then positioning them below the previous section.

adding the first set of petals to the first wooden spoons handle

Step 4

Create the remaining sets of petals using three
copies (Control-C > Control-F three times) of the ones that we already have, vertically
stacking them underneath one another.

adding the remaining sets of petals to the first wooden spoons handle

Step 5

Adjust the color of some of the petals by
carefully selecting them using the Direct
Selection Tool (A)
and then changing the color to #A8755A.

adjusting the color of some of the first wooden spoons petals

Step 6

Create a copy (Control-C > Control-F) of the spoon’s two circular sections, which we will position below its petals,
making sure to horizontally reflect them (right
click > Transform > Reflect > Horizontal
) and change the color of
the larger one’s fill shape to #A8755A.

adding the bottom circular sections to the first wooden spoons body

Step 7

Create the section connecting the small bowl to
the spoon’s handle using an 8 x 16 px rectangle (#A8755A) (1),
which we will adjust by adding a pair of side anchor points at a distance of 4 px from its top edge using the Add Anchor Point Tool (+) (2). 

Then,
individually select and push the shape’s top anchors to the inside by a
distance of 2 px (right click > Transform > Move >
Horizontal > + / – 4 px
depending on which side you start with) (3) giving
the resulting shape a 4 px thick
outline (#2B3249) (4).

creating the main shapes for the section connecting the first wooden spoons body to its bowl

Step 8

Add two 8
px
wide 2 px thick Stroke lines (#2B3249) vertically stacked 3
px
from one another, grouping (Control-G)
and then positioning the current section below the smaller circle.

positioning the connecting section onto the first wooden spoons body

Step 9

Finish off the spoon by creating its bowl using
a 16 x 16 px circle (#CE9D78), which we will
adjust by selecting and pushing its lower anchor point to the bottom by a
distance of 6 px (right click > Transform > Move > Vertical > 6 px). Give the resulting shape a 4
px
thick outline (#2B3249), grouping (Control-G)
and then positioning the two shapes onto the previous section. Once you’re
done, select and group (Control-G)
all of the spoon’s composing shapes together, before moving on to the next one.

finishing off the first wooden spoon

Step 10

Start working on the icon’s second spoon by
creating an 8 x 20 px rectangle (#A8755A)
which we will adjust by setting the Radius
of its top corners to 4 px from
within the Transform panel’s Rectangle Properties. Give the
resulting shape a 4 px thick outline
(#2B3249) followed by three 2 x 2 px circles (#2B3249) vertically stacked at 2 px from one another, grouping (Control-G) and then positioning the
shapes onto the right side of the first spoon, at a distance of 24 px.

creating and positioning the main shapes for the upper section of the second wooden spoons body

Step 11

Add the circular section using a 12 x 12 px circle (#A8755A) with a 4 px outline (#2B3249) on top of which we will add a smaller 4 x 4 px circle (#2B3249), grouping (Control-G) and then positioning the shapes below the previously
created section, so they end up slightly overlapping them.

adding the circular section to the upper section of the second wooden spoons body

Step 12

Create a 12 x 16 px rectangle
(#CE9D78) which we will turn into a diamond by adding a new anchor point to the
center of each of its edges using the Add
Anchor Point Tool (+)
, removing the corner ones afterwards using the Delete Anchor Point Tool (-). Give the
resulting shape a 4 px thick outline
(#2B3249), grouping (Control-G) and
then positioning them both at the back of the circular section (right click > Transform > Arrange
> Send to Back
).

adding the diamond section to the second wooden spoons body

Step 13

Create two 8 x 8 px circles
(#899E47) with a 4 px thick outline
(#2B3249), individually grouping (Control-G)
and then positioning them onto each side of the upper section of the diamond.

adding the two side circular sections to the upper section of the second wooden spoons body

Step 14

Start working on the spoon’s main body by creating an 8 x 10 px rectangle (#A8755A), followed
by a larger 12 x 34 px one (#A8755A),
which we will unite and then position below the previous sections.

creating and positioning the main shapes for the second wooden spoons main body

Step 15

Adjust the shape by setting the Radius
of its top corners to 4 px, adding a
pair of side anchor points at a distance of 14 px from its bottom edge. Then, individually select and push the
bottom anchor points to the inside by a distance of 4 px (right click >
Transform > Move > Horizontal > + / – 4 px
depending on which side
you start with).

adjusting the shape of the second wooden spoons main body

Step 16

Create the body’s lighter section using a 12 x 12 px square (#CE9D78) which we will center align to the
larger shape, positioning it at a distance of 15 px from its top edge.

adding the lighter section to the second wooden spoons body

Step 17

Give the larger body a 4 px thick
outline (#2B3249), followed by five 12
px
wide 2 px thick Stroke lines (#2B3249) vertically
stacked 3 px from one another,
which we will group (Control-G) and
then center align to the section’s lighter rectangle.

adding the outline and the horizontal detail lines to the second wooden spoons main body

Step 18

Add two pairs of two 2 x 2 px circles
(#2B3249) vertically stacked 2 px from
one another, positioning one on the upper section of the body and the other
one on the bottom. Once you’re done, select and group all of the current
section’s composing shapes together using the Control-G keyboard shortcut.

adding the little circles to the second wooden spoons main body

Step 19

Add an 8
x 8 px
circle (#899E47) with a 4 px thick
outline (#2B3249), which we will group (Control-G) and then position on top of
the previous section, at a distance of 22
px
from the active drawing area’s bottom edge.

adding the circular section to the bottom of the second wooden spoons body

Step 20

Finish off the spoon, by adding the bowl using a
16 x 22 px ellipse (#A8755A) with a 4 px thick outline (#2B3249), which we will group (Control-G)
and then position below the smaller circle. Once you’re done, select and group
(Control-G) all of its composing
sections together as well, before moving on to the third and last spoon.

finishing off the second wooden spoon

Step 21

Start working on the third spoon, by creating a 12 x 16 px ellipse (#CE9D78) with a 4 px thick outline (#2B3249) on top of which we will add a 4 x 4 px circle (#2B3249), grouping (Control-G) and then positioning all three shapes at a distance of 20 px from the second spoon’s right
edge.

creating and positioning the main shapes for the upper circular section of the third wooden spoons body

Step 22

Create an 8 x 8 px circle (#CE9D78)
with a 4 px thick outline (#2B3249)
which we will group (Control-G) and
then position below the previous section, at a distance of just 3 px.

adding the smaller circular section to the third wooden spoons body

Step 23

Create two more 8 x 8 px circles (#D3685E) with a 4 px thick outline (#2B3249), which we
will individually group (Control-G)
and then position onto the sides of the two sections that we have so far.

adding the side circular sections to the third wooden spoons body

Step 24

Create a slightly larger 12 x 12 px circle (#A8755A) with a 4 px thick outline (#2B3249) on top of
which we will add a 4 x 4 px circle
(#2B3249). Group (Control-G) all
three shapes together and then position them below the smaller circular
section.

adding the larger circular section to the third wooden spoons body

Step 25

Start working on the spoon’s flower by creating its petals using four 10 x 10 px squares (#CE9D78), which we will adjust by setting the Radius of two of its corners to 6 px from within the Transform panel’s Rectangle Properties. Give the resulting shapes a 4 px thick outline (#2B3249), and then
position them slightly over the previous section, selecting and grouping (Control-G) all four of them together.

creating and positioning the main shapes for the third wooden spoons flower petals

Step 26

Change the color of the bottom-left and
top-right petals to #A8755A, and then add an 8 x 8 px circle (#D3685E) with a 4 px thick outline (#2B3249) in their
center, grouping all of them together afterwards using the Control-G keyboard shortcut.

adding the circular section to the third wooden spoons flower

Step 27

Create a copy (Control-C >
Control-F
) of the circular section found above the spoon’s flower, and
position it below it, making sure to change the color of its fill shape to #CE9D78.

adding the bottom circular section to the third wooden spoons body

Step 28

Create the spoon’s lower body using a 20 x 32 px rectangle (#A8755A), from the bottom of which we will remove
two 14 x 24 px ellipses (highlighted
with red) using Pathfinder’s Minus Front Shape Mode. Once you’re
done, position the resulting shape below the previous section.

creating and positioning the lower section of the third wooden spoons body

Step 29

Set the Radius of the
resulting shape’s top corners to 10 px (2),
adding a lighter 20 x 12 px rectangle
(#CE9D78) which we will position at a distance of 6 px from its top edge (3). Then, add five 20 px wide 2 px thick Stroke lines (#2B3249) vertically
stacked 3 px from one another,
which we will group (Control-G) and
then center align to the smaller shape’s center (4). 

Add a 4 x 4 px circle (#2B3249) to the top of the larger shape (5),
followed by a 4 px thick outline (#2B3249)
(6), selecting and grouping (Control-G)
all the shapes together afterwards.

adding details to the lower section of the third wooden spoons body

Step 30

Finish off the spoon, and with it the icon itself, by adding its little
bowl using a 16 x 22 px rectangle (#CE9D78)
which we will adjust by setting the Radius
of its top corners to 8 px from
within the Transform panel’s Rectangle Properties. Give the resulting
shape a 4 px thick outline (#2B3249),
grouping (Control-G) and then
positioning the two below the previously created section. Once you’re done,
select and group (Control-G) all of
the icon’s composing sections as well.

finishing off the wooden spoons icon

It’s a Wrap!

Great work! I hope that you’ve managed to
follow and understand each and every step, and most importantly learned something
new and useful along the way.

finished project preview
View Tutorial: How to Create Traditional Romanian Objects in Adobe Illustrator

How to Create a 3D Stuffed Letters Text Effect in Adobe Photoshop

Final product image
What You’ll Be Creating

This tutorial will show you how to use Adobe Photoshop’s 3D tools and settings, along with a couple of patterns and stock images, to create a lovely stuffed letters text effect. Let’s get started!

This text effect was inspired by the many Layer Styles available on GraphicRiver.

Tutorial Assets

The following assets were used during the production of this tutorial:

1. How to Modify and Save Pattern Images

Step 1

Go to File > Open to open the Free EPS file Vector set of floral seamless pattern 01 file. This will bring up the Rasterize EPS Format box, where we’ll change the Mode to RGB Color, and uncheck the Anti-aliased box.

Unchecking the Anti-aliased box will give us crisp results, so that we can easily select the patterns without having to deal with blurry edges.

Rasterize EPS Format

Step 2

Once the file opens, zoom in a bit to the top left corner, and you can see that the first pattern has some transparent parts, which will create discontinuity issues if used as it is.

So the next couple of steps will be only to fix this pattern’s issue. For the other patterns, you’ll just need to select and save them as images.

Transparent Part

Step 3

Pick the Rectangular Marquee Tool, and create a selection around the first pattern’s image. The selection doesn’t have to be precise as we’ll fix it in the next step.

Create a Selection

Step 4

Right-click the selection and choose Transform Selection. Zoom in to each edge and drag the selection on top of it, so that you have an exact selection of the pattern image.

Once you’re done, hit the Return key to accept the changes, and go to Edit > Copy.

Transform Selection

Step 5

Create a new file with the Clipboard dimensions, and go to Edit > Paste.

Pick the Move Tool, press-hold the Shift key, and drag the pasted image down to the center of the document.

Paste and Drag the Image

Step 6

Duplicate the pattern image’s layer, and drag the copy upwards to the center of the document, so that its bottom edge touches the original image’s top edge.

Duplicate and Move

Step 7

Use the Rectangular Marquee Tool to create a selection over the empty areas, and use the Paint Bucket Tool to fill it with the pink color around it.

Fill the Empty Areas

Step 8

Select both layers and press Command-E to merge them.

Go to File > Save, and save the pattern as an image (jpg) file. It’s better to give each pattern a number to make it easier to use them later on.

Save the Pattern Image

Step 9

For the rest of the patterns, just select, copy and paste, and save them as images.

2. How to Create Text Shape Layers

Step 1

Create a new 1000 x 626px document with a White Background.

Then, create the text in All Caps using the font HWT Artz. Set the Size to 350 pt and the Tracking to 50.

Create the Text

Step 2

Rename the text layer to Text, right-click it, and choose Convert to Shape.

Convert to Shape

3. How to Create Stroke Shape Layers

Step 1

Duplicate the Text layer, and rename the copy to Back Piping.

Back Piping Layer

Step 2

Pick the Direct Selection Tool (A). In the Options bar, change the Fill to None, the Stroke Color to #e9e7e2, and its Size to 5.

Click the Set shape stroke type icon to change the Align to Outside.

Shape Stroke Settings

Step 3

Duplicate the Back Piping layer twice. Rename the first copy to Sides, and the second to Front Piping. Then, change the SidesStroke Size to 2.5.

Sides and Front Piping Layers

4. How to Create a Simple Curved Shape

Step 1

Pick the Rectangle Tool, click anywhere in the document, and type in 5 for the Width and 600 for the Height.

Create a Rectangle

Step 2

Pick the Add Anchor Point Tool, and click somewhere near the middle of each of the rectangle’s vertical sides, to add two anchor points.

Rename the shape layer to Back as we will use it for the back shadows.

Add Anchor Points

Step 3

Click-drag to select both anchor points, and use the Right Arrow key to nudge them a little bit to the right.

Nudge the Anchor Points

5. How to Create 3D Layers

Step 1

For each shape layer you have, select it, and go to 3D > New 3D Extrusion from Selected Path.

New 3D Extrusion

Step 2

Select all 3D layers you have, and then go to 3D > Merge 3D Layers.

Merge 3D Layers

6. How to Work With the 3D Scene

Step 1

To access the 3D mesh settings and properties, you’ll need to open two panels: the 3D panel and the Properties panel (both found under the Window menu).

The 3D panel has all the components of the 3D scene, and when you click the name of any of those, you’ll be able to access its settings in the Properties panel. So make sure to always select the tab of the element you want to modify in the 3D panel before you change its settings in the Properties panel.

3D and Properties Panels

Step 2

If you select the Move Tool, you’ll find a set of 3D Modes for it to the right of the Options bar.

When you choose one of those, you can then click and drag to perform changes (on the selected element in the 3D panel).

Use those modes to change the Current View into an angle you like.

Move Tool 3D Modes

7. How to Adjust 3D Mesh and Cap Settings

Step 1

Select the Text and Sides mesh tabs in the 3D panel, and change their Extrusion Depth in the Properties panel to 30.

Extrusion Depth

Step 2

Select the Back Piping and Front Piping mesh tabs, and change their Extrusion Depth to 3.

Extrusion Depth

Step 3

Select the Text mesh tab, and click the Cap icon at the top of the Properties panel.

Change the Sides to Front and Back, the Bevel Width to 1, the Contour to Half Round, the Inflate Angle to 90, and the Strength to 7.

Text Cap Settings

Step 4

Select the Back Piping and Front Piping mesh tabs, and click the Cap icon again.

Change the Sides to Front and Back, the Bevel Width to 15, the Contour to Half Round, and the Inflate Strength to 10.

Piping Meshes Cap Settings

8. How to Move 3D Meshes and Change Camera Views

Step 1

Pick the Move Tool, and use the 3D Axis to move the Back Piping mesh to the back of the text.

The arrows at the ends of the axis move the mesh, the part below them is used for rotation, and the cubes are used for scaling. The cube in the center is used to scale the object uniformly. All you need to do is click and drag the part you want.

3D Axis

Step 2

You can change the Current View to better see what you’re doing, by choosing a preset from the View menu in the Properties panel.

Change the Current View

9. How to Create Pattern Materials

Step 1

Select all the Text Mesh Material tabs.

In the Properties panel, change the Specular Color to (24, 15, 7), and the Shine to 100%.

Text Mesh Material

Step 2

Select the Text mesh tab, and go to 3D > Split Extrusion. This will separate the letters.

Select and split all the other meshes you have, except for the Back mesh.

Split Extrusion

Step 3

Select the first Text Front Inflation Material tab, click its Diffuse texture icon, choose Replace Texture, and open the first pattern image you want to use from the ones you saved at the beginning of this tutorial.

Replace Texture

Step 4

Click the Diffuse texture icon again, and choose Edit UV Properties.

Edit UV Properties

Step 5

Adjust the Tile and Offset values to get a result you like.

Edit UV Properties Settings

10. How to Add a Bump Texture

Step 1

Click the Bump folder icon and choose New Texture.

New Texture

Step 2

Set the Width and Height values to 512, and the Resolution to 300.

New Texture Settings

Step 3

This will open the new texture file. If it does not, click the Bump texture icon and choose Edit Texture.

When the file opens, duplicate the Background layer.

Edit the Texture

Step 4

Double-click the copy layer to apply a Pattern Overlay effect with these settings:

  • Pattern: denim 7
  • Scale: 50%

Save and close the file to go back to the 3D Scene.

Pattern Overlay

Step 5

Edit the Bump texture’s UV Properties, and zoom in to better see the effect.

UV Properties

Step 6

Change the Bump value to 5, or any other value you like.

The Bump Value

11. How to Save and Reapply a Material

Step 1

With the Front Inflation Material tab still active, click the Material Picker box, click the pop-up menu icon, and choose New Material.

New Material

Step 2

Type in a name for the material, and then click OK.

New Material Name

Step 3

Select the rest of the first Text Material tabs except for the Extrusion. Then, open the Material Picker, scroll down to the material icon you’ve just saved, and click it to apply it to the selected materials.

Reapply Saved Material

12. How to Replace Material Textures

Step 1

Apply the saved material to the second Text Front Inflation, Front Bevel, Back Bevel, and Back Inflation Materials.

Apply to the Second Text Mesh

Step 2

Select the second Text Front Inflation Material tab, click its Diffuse texture icon, and choose Replace Texture to open another pattern image.

Replace Texture

Step 3

Select the second Text Front Bevel, Back Bevel, and Back Inflation Material tabs, click the Diffuse texture icon, and choose the name of the pattern used from the list you get, instead of replacing it separately for each material.

You might need to change the UV Properties for the new texture, so just keep that in mind after adding each new one.

Replace Texture and Edit UV Properties

Step 4

Repeat the same steps for the rest of the letters you have.

Replace the Rest of the Letters Textures

13. How to Create Simple Piping Material

Step 1

Select the Front Inflation Material tab of the first Front Piping mesh, click the Diffuse texture icon, and choose Remove Texture.

Remove Texture

Step 2

Change the Diffuse Color to (233, 231, 226).

Diffuse Color

Step 3

Click the Bump folder icon, and choose the Text Front Inflation Material – Bump texture from the list.

Zoom in to edit the UV Properties, and change the Bump value to 2.

Add the Bump Texture

Step 4

Save the material and apply it to the rest of the Piping Materials.

In order to tile the Extrusion Material, you need to select all the Piping mesh tabs, and set the Texture Mapping to Tile.

Texture Mapping

Step 5

Go back to any of the Piping Extrusion Material tabs, edit its UV Properties, save the material, and apply it to the rest of the Piping Extrusion Materials you have.

Piping Extrusion Materials

14. How to Reposition the Letters

Step 1

Select the Text, Front Piping, Sides, and Back Piping mesh tabs of the first letter.

Use the 3D Axis or the Coordinates values in the Properties panel to rotate and move the letter.

Move the Letter Meshes

Step 2

Repeat that for the other letter meshes you have. You can always go back to any letter and adjust it.

Move the Other Letter Meshes

Step 3

Select the first letter’s mesh tabs again, click the 3D panel menu icon, and choose Move Object to Ground Plane.

Repeat that for the rest of the letters.

Move Object to Ground Plane

Step 4

Select all the mesh group tabs, and nudge them just a little bit downwards along the Y Axis. This will help create the illusion of the letters’ weight on the sofa, by pushing them into the ground plane.

Move along the Y Axis

15. How to Create a Background

Step 1

Go to File > Place Linked, and open the Empty clean white room with branches decor 3D rendering image.

Resize it as needed, and rename its layer to Background Image.

Background Image

Step 2

Place the Plant (Epipremnum pinnatum) image on top of the Background Image layer, and rename its layer to Plant.

Hide the 3D layer to focus on the background elements if you like.

Add the Plant

Step 3

Resize, rotate, and move the plant image to place it over the vase’s sticks in the Background Image. You can stamp-clone the sticks, but we are going to blur the background anyway, so you can skip that.

Place the Plant

Step 4

Select the Background Image layer, go to Filter > Blur > Gaussian Blur, and set the Radius to 5.

Gaussian Blur

Step 5

Repeat that to blur the Plant image.

Gaussian Blur

16. How to Select and Isolate an Image

Step 1

Open the White sofa isolated on white image, pick the Quick Selection Tool, and you can check the Auto-Enhance box in the Options bar if you like. It might slow down the process a bit, but can create cleaner selections.

Click-drag slightly to select the sofa.

Quick Selection

Step 2

You can press-hold the Option key, and click-drag to deselect any unwanted areas. Just make sure to drag slightly over small areas to get the best result.

Deselect Unwanted Areas

Step 3

Once the sofa is selected, click the Select and Mask button in the Options bar.

Change the View to On Black, and increase the Opacity to 100%.

Play around with the Smooth and Shift Edge values under the Global Refinements tab to get the best selection.

Select and Mask

Step 4

Click OK when you’re done, and go to Edit > Copy.

Copy the Selected Sofa

Step 5

Go back to the 3D document, go to Edit > Paste, and rename the layer to Sofa.

Right-click the Sofa layer, choose Convert to Smart Object, and resize the sofa to fit within the scene.

Add the Sofa

Step 6

Make the 3D layer visible, and adjust the Camera View to place the letters on top of the sofa.

Adjust the Camera View

17. How to Adjust a 3D Scene’s Lighting

Step 1

Select the Infinite Light 1 tab, and change the Intensity to 45% and the Shadow Softness to 30%.

Infinite Light 1

Step 2

Use the Move Tool or the Coordinates values to move the light to the window in the background image.

Move Infinite Light 1

Step 3

Click the Add new Light to Scene icon at the bottom of the 3D panel, and choose New Infinite Light.

New Infinite Light

Step 4

Change the Infinite Light 2‘s Intensity to 30%, and uncheck the Shadow box.

Infinite Light 2

Step 5

Move the light so that it illuminates the upper part of the text.

Move Infinite Light 2

Step 6

Click the Environment tab, click the IBL texture icon to choose Replace Texture, and open the Bedroom image.

Environment IBL

Step 7

Change the Intensity to 90%, and move the light around to get a lighting you like.

Environment Light

18. How to Add Invisible Elements and Render a 3D Scene

Step 1

Show the Back mesh, rotate it -90° around the Y Axis, and scale it until it fills the sofa’s back.

Adjust the Back Mesh

Step 2

Move and rotate the Back mesh until it touches all the letters.

Move the Back Mesh

Step 3

Make sure to set the Current View to the final angle you want to render.

Select the Back mesh tab, uncheck its Cast Shadows box, and check the Invisible box. This will help create a surface that catches the shadows without being visible in the scene.

Back Mesh Settings

Step 4

Once you’re done modifying the 3D scene, go to 3D > Render to render it. The rendering might take a while, but you can stop it any time by pressing the Esc key.

You can also stop the rendering to adjust the lighting, the meshes, or anything else you think needs tweaking, and render again, until you get a result you like.

When you’re done rendering, convert the 3D layer into a smart object to avoid making any accidental changes.

Render the 3D Scene

Step 5

Right-click the 3D layer, and choose Create Clipping Mask. This will clip the Back mesh shadows to the sofa.

Create Clipping Mask

Step 6

Click the Add layer mask icon at the bottom of the Layers panel.

Set the Foreground Color to Black, pick the Brush Tool, choose a soft round tip, and paint over any unwanted areas to hide them.

Mask Unwanted Areas

19. How to Add Shadows

Step 1

Create a new layer below the 3D layer, call it Back Shadow, and change its Blend Mode to Linear Burn.

Set the Foreground Color to #848285, and start painting shadows where the letters touch the sofa’s back to intensify the effect.

Add Back Shadows

Step 2

Change the Back Shadow layer’s Opacity to a value you like, and use the Eraser Tool to get rid of any unwanted parts of the shadow.

Back Shadow Settings

Step 3

Create a new layer under the Back Shadow layer, call it Drop Shadow, and change its Blend Mode to Linear Burn.

Add shadows where the letters touch the sofa. Then, press Command-T to enter the Free Transform Mode, scale them down vertically, and place them right below the letters.

Hit the Return key to accept the changes, and repeat if necessary.

Add Drop Shadows

20. How to Add Finishing Touches

Step 1

Place the Bokeh – Golden Lights 5184 x 3456 Pixels image on top of the Plant layer, and rename its layer to Bokeh.

Change the Bokeh layer’s Blend Mode to Screen, and resize it as needed to fit within the scene.

Go to Filter > Blur > Gaussian Blur, and set the Radius to 3.

Add the Bokeh Texture

Step 2

Click the Create new fill or adjustment layer icon at the bottom of the Layers panel, and choose Gradient Map.

Create the gradient fill using the colors #44386e to the left, #716d7c in the middle, and #d4a987 to the right.

Check the Dither box, and change the layer’s Blend Mode to Soft Light, and its Opacity to 35%.

Gradient Map

Step 3

Select the Plant layer, and go to Image > Adjustments > Vibrance.

Change the Vibrance to -35 and the Saturation to -10.

Vibrance

Step 4

If the sofa looks very sharp, apply a Gaussian Blur with a Radius value around 0.25.

Sofa Gaussian Blur

Congratulations, You’re Done!

In this tutorial, we saved pattern images, created a bunch of shape layers, converted them to 3D meshes, and created their materials.

Then, we started adding background elements and adjusting the 3D scene’s lighting and camera view accordingly, to render the final result.

Finally, we added some more shadows and adjusted the coloring of the final result.

Please feel free to leave your comments, suggestions, and outcomes below.

Final Result
View Tutorial: How to Create a 3D Stuffed Letters Text Effect in Adobe Photoshop

40 Professional Real Estate Flyer Templates

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Interior Design Flyer

Real Estate Flyer- 5 Layouts

Need a quick solution for your next listing? Then check out this awesome flyer set! This set includes five beautiful layout options to make your flyers shine! A great choice for when you’re on a budget, this set gives you five amazing flyers that are ready to go whenever you are.

Real Estate Flyer- 5 Layouts

Urban Real Estate Flyer

Download a trendy flyer design to promote your property in style. Designed in the US Letter size with plenty of bleed, this template features a clean, modern design with fully editable vector elements. It’s also available in both Photoshop and Illustrator formats for your convenience.

Urban Real Estate Flyer

Construction Real Estate Flyers

Are you in the construction business? Meet the clients and contractors that need you with this awesome set of real estate flyers. This simple template is easy to use and perfect for beginners to Adobe Illustrator. Find fully editable vector and text elements with two design alternatives for more options.

Construction Flyers

Premium Real Estate Flyer

Ready to sell your first home? Then feast your eyes on this gorgeous pack of three unique flyers. Inspired by trendy geometric design, these flyers show your listings in a whole new light! Included in this download are three A4 format templates, designed with a high resolution and in CMYK mode.

Premium Real Estate Flyer

Simple and Elegant Real Estate Flyer

Enjoy a beautiful and elegant flyer that screams sophistication! This premium flyer design features a minimalist theme with eight total Photoshop files. It’s great for beginners to design—you can let this flyer do all the selling for you!

Simple and Elegant Real Estate Flyer

Real Estate Flyer V2

Your beautiful listings should have equally beautiful flyers to match! And with this template you’ll get just that! Included with this stunning design are three color variations in orange, green, and magenta. Find this file easy to edit with completely organized layers.

Real Estate Flyer V2

Minimal Real Estate Flyer

Promote your real estate with this stylish minimalist design. This design was created in the standard US Letter format, with fully editable text and images. Replace the placeholder images with favorites from your listings and get ready for endless business!

Minimal Real Estate Flyer

Colorful Real Estate Flyers

Get three incredible designs all in one simple download! This awesome template pack features three professional real estate flyers with bold, vibrant colors. Choose a template according to your mood or listing, and customize it with just a few short clicks!

Colorful Real Estate Flyers

Real Estate Business Flyer

Why look like every other listing when you can make them your own? This unique business flyer features an exquisite circular design with room for your company details, contact, and listing information. With a help file also included, you can edit any text or design element easily in this simple download.

Real Estate Business Flyer

Multipurpose Real Estate Flyers

Create the perfect flyer for your real estate business. This impeccably designed flyer features your real estate front and center followed by a selection of important information. Expand your business and enjoy access to three alternate colors in an easy-to-use A4 file.

Multipurpose Real Estate Flyers

Real Estate Flyer Vol.5

There’s nothing more beautiful than an elegantly designed flyer. And you’re sure to knock the socks off any client with this incredible template. Volume five of this set was designed exclusively for corporate and small scale companies and features fully layered files that are easy to customize.

Real Estate Flyer Vol5

Real Estate Flyer

Real estate flyers are the perfect companion to your marketing campaigns. This modern design features a polaroid-like photo scheme with plenty of room for your listing’s details. Enjoy fully editable vector elements and three alternative designs to find one that fits your needs.

Real Estate Flyer

Perfect Home Real Estate Flyer

Help your buyers find the perfect home with this awesome flyer design. This flyer features a professional design that highlights your real estate business with style. Enjoy the beautiful blue color scheme or choose from three others to match to your official brand.

Perfect Home Real Estate Flyer

Real Estate Flyer Template

Show your buyers that they’re in the right hands with a professional flyer! This template features a beautiful minimalist design with two color variations, all within an easy-to-edit file. Download this file to get access to this clean, modern design with an additional help file included.

Real Estate Flyer Template

Circular Real Estate Business Flyer

Provide the best home shopping experience for your buyers with this professional real estate flyer. This template features a curvy design with unique vector banners and a modern color scheme. Plug in the images and customize the text to get started with this flyer today!

Circular Real Estate Business Flyer

Premium Real Estate Flyers

Sell your best listings fast with this set of premium flyer designs. These templates feature two different style options with a unique layout that is sure to grab buyers’ attention. Edit the text easily or change the colors to fit your business.

Premium Real Estate Flyers

Corporate Real Estate Flyer

Sell stunning high-rises and premiere luxury condos with this exquisite set of real estate flyers. Replace the main image with one of your own before editing the text easily in this fully customizable template. Enjoy additional colors for more lovely options.

Corporate Real Estate Flyer

Real Estate Flyer

Get ready to sell your next listing with this awesome real estate flyer. This flyer features a simple box-themed design, with two separate layout options available. And not only is it very easy to edit but you’ll also find six incredible designs to choose from!

Real Estate Flyer

Real Estate Flyer and AD

Take on a beautiful modern perspective with this set of real estate flyers. This template includes an amazing geometric-inspired design that frames your listings perfectly. Take your marketing to the next level with this super stylish design.

Real Estate Flyer and AD

Professional Real Estate Flyer Template

Attract prospective clients with this gorgeous real estate flyer. This flyer features a modern, professional design that can be used to highlight a listing or your entire business. Download this package to get access to fully layered Photoshop and InDesign files with easily editable vector elements.

Professional Real Estate Flyer Template

Real Estate Agent Flyer

This real estate flyer just might be the perfect match for your business! This template includes a clean, professional design in a high-resolution format. Great for users of Adobe InDesign, this template is print-ready for immediate use!

Real Estate Agent Flyer

Pro Real Estate Flyer Template

Rock the industry like the professional you are with this modern flyer template. This design features a fully editable file with room for four unique images. Find links to free fonts within your download before updating this template with your own amazing copy.

Pro Real Estate Flyer Template

Real Estate Flyer Bundle

Be a smart shopper with incredible design bundles. This bundle features three exquisite flyer designs that are completely print-ready for your immediate use. Choose from multiple color variations and three creative layout options to sell your properties.

Real Estate Flyer Bundle

Premium Real Estate Flyers

Here’s another great bundle you definitely don’t want to miss! In this selection of premium flyers, you’ll find four Photoshop files with plenty of smart objects to change the images easily. They’re compatible with Photoshop CS2 and later versions, so download these templates today!

Premium Real Estate Flyers

2 Real Estate Flyers

For more incredible deals, check out this set out of two sophisticated flyer designs. These flyers include two creative layouts that highlight your gorgeous properties. Great for waterfront properties and more, these awesome flyers will help you feature the best points of your listings.

2 Real Estate Flyers

Real Estate Open House Flyer

Give your open house the most stylish flyer in the neighborhood. With this flyer template, you will enjoy a vibrant and sophisticated design that is simple and straight to the point. Easily edit the tagline and property details, or choose from four different color schemes to fit your individual style.

Real Estate Open House Flyer

Real Estate Flyer Template

If you’re a realtor or agent in need of a new flyer then check out this fabulous design. This template features a detailed flyer designed in a print-ready A4 format. With room for the listing’s most important details, you can even add a short bio of yourself to connect with potential buyers.

Real Estate Flyer Template

Simple Real Estate Flyer

Sell any condo or apartment fast! Use this simple real estate flyer with all the elements you need for the perfect flyer design. Included in this template are two layout versions with three separate color options and a quirky sales tag to make your flyer stand out.

Simple Real Estate Flyer

Real Estate Flyer – Magazine AD

Sell your buyers their dream home with this simple real estate flyer. A flyer that also doubles as a quick and easy magazine ad, this template features a high-quality minimalist design with room to display several listings.

Real Estate Flyer - Magazine AD

Real Estate Company Flyers

Choose a flyer that complements your professional business. This set of flyers features designs created in A4 format that are completely compatible with all Adobe Illustrator CS versions. Download this file today to enjoy three creative versions.

Real Estate Company Flyers

Minimal Real Estate Flyer

Kick start your new job as a realtor with a minimalist real estate flyer. This sophisticated design features simple rectangular elements that are super easy to use. Customize the text to your needs and replace the images with your favorite listings.

Minimal Real Estate Flyer

Modern Real Estate Flyer

The real estate industry is not an easy business, but maybe it can get a little better with the perfect flyer template. This flyer features a modern design aesthetic, with 3D-like vector elements and great sections to feature your listing. Highlight the best parts of your property with this awesome real estate template!

Modern Real Estate Flyer

Real Estate Flyers

Who says pink is too girly? Feature an incredible apartment listing for students and young professionals with this modern real estate flyer. This flyer template includes two layered Photoshop files that are easily customizable and also come print-ready!

Real Estate Flyers

Elegant Real Estate Flyer Set

Love minimal, elegant designs? Then you’ll definitely love this flyer set! This set features four unique layouts all for the price of one. Get the most out of your money with these easily customizable templates, featuring the latest industry trends in print design.

Elegant Real Estate Flyer Set

Conclusion

This list features exciting resources for the avid designer
familiar with Adobe Illustrator, Photoshop, and InDesign. For additional help with all your flyer needs, enlist the skills of a talented
professional by choosing one of the amazing designers from Envato Studio.

And with loads of real estate flyer templates available at your fingertips, chances are we’ve missed a few to add to your personal collection. Be sure to browse GraphicRiver and Envato Elements for more resources, and let us know your favorites in the comments below!

View Tutorial: 40 Professional Real Estate Flyer Templates